Erik Erikson 's Theory Of The Psychosocial Development

833 Words4 Pages
Ashley is six year old and she is in first grade. Base on Erikson’s theory, she is in stage 4 : Industry vs. Inferiority. Industry versus inferiority is the fourth stage of Erik Erikson’s theory of the psychosocial development. The stage occurs during childhood between the ages of six and eleven. Children at this stage, are learning to read and write, to do sums, to do things on their own. Teachers and coaches begin to take an important role in the child’s life as they teach the child specific skills. Ashley told Billy that she loves her first grade class. She explained to Billy that she learned to count by 5 and 10. Also she is able to read books to herself. She cannot wait to read the princess book series that Billy bought for her. School and social interaction play an important role during this time of a child’s life. Through social interactions, children begin to develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments and abilities. During the earlier stages, a child’s interactions centered primarily on caregivers, family members and others in their immediate household. As the school years begin, the realm of social influence increases dramatically. Friends and classmates play a role in how children progress through the industry versus inferiority stage. Billy need to know that, at this stage, the child’s peer group will gain greater significance and will become a major source of the child’s self-esteem. The child now feels the need to win approval by demonstrating
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