Erik Erikson's Eight Developmental Stages Essay

641 Words Jun 18th, 2013 3 Pages
ERIK ERIKSON’S EIGHT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES

Erik Erikson was a psychological pioneer well thought out before his time. Instead of dealing in psychosexual stages, he was discussing work in terms of psychosocial stages. Heavily influence by Freud and believing that personality played a huge part in the conflict within the ego itself, Erikson was the first ego psychologist.
Believing that growth can take place well into adulthood, Erikson divided his eight stages into three that were going on simultaneously (biological, social, and psychological) and five that were developed after eighteen years of age and up. Being trained by Anna Freud, Sigmund Freud’s daughter, Erikson believed that people develop as a product of their own
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After school activities and beginning school teach children motor, social, and mental skills. A child going on his first field trip in school is a good example of competence versus inferiority. If they do not develop these skills, the child will take a sufficient blow to their self-confidence.
Intimacy versus isolation is best exampled by a teen going on their first date. At this stage, they have a very clear sense of both identity and self, and are secure in who they are. In this point of their life, people develop the ability to maintain intimate relationships with one another. Erikson believed that people need intimate relationships with others to fend off feelings of loneliness.
Generativity versus stagnation is the seventh stage. Having your first child is a good example, because at this stage people have a desire to create and give something lasting. If you didn’t reach the other stages, there is a chance you may not successfully make it here.
The last stage is ego integrity versus despair. It is marked by older adulthood and culminating your entire life of experiences into a whole. The elderly lady you see gardening with her grandchildren is a good example. She has worked her whole life, raised her children, and retired. Now she may spend the rest of her days enjoying life to the fullest.
References:
McLeod, SA. (2008) Erik Erikson. Psychosocial Stages: Simply Psychology. Retrieved from
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