Erik Homburger Erikson 's Life

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Erik Homburger Erikson was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany on June 15, 1902. Erik’s parents were both Danish. Erik’s father abandoned his mother, Karla Abrahamsen before Erikson was born. Karla raised Erikson alone for the first three years of his life in Frankfurt until she remarried Erikson’s pediatrician, Dr. Theodore Homburger. Karla and Theodore moved to Karlsruhe in southern Germany and raised Erikson. Erikson went by Erik Homburger as a child and young adult until he eventually changed his name to Erik Erikson. After graduating high school Erikson roamed Europe taking art classes and visiting museums (Boeree). Erikson first studied painting in Germany and Italy. Later, he joined Peter Blos and Dorothy Burlingham, Anna Freud 's…show more content…
Erikson is most famous for his expansion and refinement of Freud’s theories of personality development. Erikson argued that development functions by the epigenetic principle, which says that we develop through a predetermined unfolding of our personalities in eight stages throughout our lifespan. As we progress through each stage our success, or lack of success, in each stage is partially determined by our achievements in the previous stage. Erikson believed that each person has a unique personality, which gradually reveals itself through eight stages, and if we interfere with the progress of our personality development (try to speed things up) we may ruin the development of that individual’s personality. Each stage involves certain developmental tasks that are psychosocial in nature. Erikson coined the term identity crisis, a personal psychosocial conflict that shaped a distinct aspect of personality (“Erikson,” Britannica). The various tasks are referred to by two terms, the first is what the individual is striving to achieve and the second is what the individual is at risk of developing if he or she does not successfully achieve the first term. Each stage has an optimal time to be achieved as well. Each individual has his or her own pace to go through life; therefore, the optimal time to achieve a stage in is more of a general guideline. If a stage is managed well, we carry
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