Erikson and Piaget

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Erikson versus Piaget: Active and Passive Learning Billy Jenkins Grand Canyon University: PSY 650 January 27, 2012 Abstract In this paper, the idea of active versus passive learning is discussed, as well as the major learning theories of Piaget and Erikson. Furthermore, their major learning theories are compared to each other and applied to the principles of active and passive learning. Because of my teaching and classroom experience, the application of active and passive learning will be applied to childhood development and learning. In addition, the learning theories of Piaget and Erikson, and their similarities and differences in relation to passive and active learning, will be applied to the classroom as well.…show more content…
Jean Piaget’s work has greatly influenced constructivist educators through what we now call discovery learning. Fogarty (1999) explains that Piaget’s main theory premise is that the learners’ interactions lead to structural changes in how they think based on data assimilation. Fogarty (1999) further states that Piaget’s designs are easy to spot in K-12 classrooms that utilize discovery learning through experimentation. Discovery learning in classrooms today is equated to Piaget’s hands-on experience learning. Constructing meaning based on data interpretation is often the heart of inquiry and problem-based learning. As stated earlier, active learners develop an intrinsic reward system while learning. Belsky (2010) referred to the fact that when Piaget described our desire to learn, he was talking about our intrinsic motivations. This is closely related to the view that Petress (2008) has in relation to active learners. In theory, Piaget would most closely be aligned to active learning and constructing our own meanings and learning through discovery learning. Erikson Like Piaget, Erikson believed that children develop in a predetermined order. However, Erikson focused on socialization and how this affects their sense of self. Piaget focused more on cognitive development. According to Belsky (2010), Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development has eight stages… each
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