Erikson 's Development And Play Theory

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Erikson PreSchool Development and Play Theory Diana C. Mafnas Carrington College NUR 352 October 19, 2014 Erikson Pre-School Development and Play Theory As determined by Erickson, an individual must meet phases in order to develop and progress through a healthy personality from birth to death. Erikson accomplishes this by using biological theories concentrated on critical phases of growth and epigenesis. As each phase is met, the individual can successfully move on to the next phase according to the individual’s age. Each psychosocial phase presents with satisfactory and unsatisfactory outcomes. Progression will be dependent upon resolution of the current phase the individual is in. If the conflict is not resolved, the individual will carry this conflict on through subsequent phases throughout the individual’s life. According to Erikson, development will be determined on how well the individual handles conflict within each phase. There are eight phases of psychosocial development, and only the first five phases are directly related to childhood (Perry, Hockenberry, Lowdermilk, and Wilson, 2014, p.757). Initiative vs. Guilt The developmental phase of a child preschool age comprises age’s three through six. The psychosocial phase necessary during this phase is initiative versus guilt. In this phase the child must have already conquered phases I and II; trust versus mistrust and autonomy versus shame to successfully move into this phase. This phase
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