Erikson 's Theory Of Lifespan

1471 WordsMay 4, 20176 Pages
Introduction Erikson’s theory of lifespan continues in the final four stages of life, which are identified as adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood and late adulthood. Each stage identifies a conflict to be resolved with indicators of success and failure at the stage. It seems however, that the theory in its framework is not all inclusive. Each section will discuss the conflict and indicators of resolution, as well as identifying how the stage may vary for different groups. Adolescence The adolescence stage in Erikson’s theory occurs between age twelve to age eighteen, where the conflict to be resolved includes identity versus role confusion. During this timeframe, the individual establishes a sense of self, where successful…show more content…
This process is especially unique due to having neither identity of gender or sexual preference being dominant, causing it more difficult for women to fully embrace their individuality. Young Adulthood In Erikson’s theory for young adulthood, the conflict to be resolved at this stage is intimacy versus isolation. The theory discusses how individuals in the age group of 20 to 40 are attempting to establish meaningful relationships with other people (Erikson handout, 2017). Success at this stage includes strong relationships, being able to maintain friendships, and physical and emotional intimacy, while failure to resolve the conflict resulted in loneliness and isolation (Erikson handout, 2017). The conflict at this stage is representative of socially constructed expectations of gender roles and cultural expectations, which does not account for several groups. In the stage’s framework, it assumes a life path surrounding relationships and traditional expectations of marriage and family development, family defined as heterosexual. This traditional framework of development does not align with modern development of lifespan. Gilligan (1993) discusses how traditionally in American culture, women’s roles are relational, and their identity is tied to their relationships with men and children. With this, Erikson’s theory at this stage excludes women who are driven by careers or other passions outside of
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