Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay

1691 Words7 Pages
Psychosocial Development “Erik Erickson (1902-1994) was best known for his work on stages of psychosocial development and identity crisis” (Cherry, A Brief Biography of His Remarkable Life, 2016). Erickson was able to gain a clear focus on children and was able to interpret what he was seeing by observing children throughout the life, including events of childhood, adulthood, and old age. "Erikson 's theory posits that every human being passes through several distinct and qualitatively different stages in life, from birth to death." According to him, the stages are universal, and the ages which one is said to have passed from one to another stage are also fairly universal" (Ramkumar, 2002). Erikson developed eight stages of psychosocial development that analysis personality, behavior and understanding for facilitating personal development of self and others. Erikson 's theory demonstrates that individuals face challenges in each stage of development and may not reach their milestones. "According to Erikson, although there is a predominant issue at each stage, the stages are not watertight. Issues of one stage overlap with issues of another; how one has dealt with earlier issues determines how one will resolve later issues" (Ramkumar, 2002). Autonomy vs. Shame There are two types of stages within the Early Childhood development; Autonomy vs. Shame and Initiative vs. Guilt. Autonomy vs. Shame range from two to three years of age and begin to explore their world. This age is
Open Document