Describe Erikson stage briefly Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, as articulated by Erik Erikson, in collaboration with Joan Erikson, is a comprehensive psychoanalytic theory that identifies a series of eight stages, in which a healthy developing individual should pass through from infancy to late adulthood. ...
Eric Erikson was one of the most famous theorists of the twentieth century; he created many theories. One of the most talked about theories is his theory of psychosocial development. This is a theory that describes stages in which an individual should pass as they are going through life. His theory includes nine stages all together. The original theory only included eight stages but Erikson‘s wife found a ninth stage and published it after his death. The nine stages include: trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. identity confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation, integrity vs. despair, and hope and faith vs. despair (Crandell and Crandell,
Erikson found that each stage of development occurs and is a building block for the next stage of development. Out of eight distinctly defined stages of development, five stages happen before the age of 18. “Erikson assumes that a crisis occurs at each stage of development” (Simplypsychology.org). If one stage of development is hindered, the next stage is likely to falter, resulting in major difficulties later in life. Erikson emphasizes that much of the psychological development in one’s life occurs during adolescents, and that personality is greatly shaped through the social experiences that occur during that time.
Erikson believed that people develop in psychosocial stages. He emphasized developmental change throughout the human life span. In Erikson's theory, eight stages of development result as we go through the life span. Each stage consists of a crisis that must be faced. According to Erikson, this crisis is not a catastrophe but a turning point. The more an individual resolves the crises successfully, the healthier development will be.
This paper will touch over the aspects of Erik H Erickson 's eight stages and how they affect everyday lives from infancy to adulthood. The paper will go over the approximate ages and the psychosocial crisis that they will eventually come to. Neglecting a child can lead to a cause of mental negligence in the form of "Arrested Development". Within different cultural backgrounds, this paper will focus on the relationship of the infant and the mother, and the stresses and trauma they may or may not have to discuss about a future development.
According to Erikson's criteria for mastering Industry versus Inferiority a child between the age of 5 to 12 acquires new friends at school, able to complete higher level of school task, play games with peers. Through these task the child develops a sense of self pride in addition, the child receives praise from parent and teacher for their accomplishments.
As human beings age, according to Erik Erikson, they go through developmental stages that help to create and transform their personalities. If needs are met and the ego is gratified, then the individual is able to move on to the next challenge. Onward they march in life and in stage until they find the end level: integrity versus despair. This has been categorized as adults 65 years and older by Erikson. Here, people are to reminisce and judge their lives in terms of merit or disappointment. Erikson himself had a lot to comb through in his later years.
The 8 year old child I observed and interacted with did not fall perfectly into any of Erikson’s, Piaget’s, Kohlberg’s, or Vgotsky’s stages. The child varied in stages by the way she behaved in certain activities and in the way she would answer the question I would ask. After asking her the 10 questions for development research, I googled different cognitive test. I gave her IQ test to take to see if she was capable of thinking as an adult although she is a child. One interesting question was “Which is hottest?” and she answered lightbulb when the correct answer was a flame. I would relate this situation to Piaget’s Stage 3: Concrete Operational Period because although shedid not get the correct answer, she took time and thought about
In 1963, the psychology theorist Erik Erikson, developed the idea that each life stage has a psychosocial task that they must conquer. I was given the opportunity to observe his theory on my own through a series of interviews. The first person that I interviewed was an adolescent, whose psychosocial developmental conflict is between identity and role confusion. The next person that I interviewed was a young adult, whose conflict is between intimacy. The next person that I interviewed was of middle adulthood, whose crisis is between generativity and stagnation. Finally, I interviewed a woman in the stage of late adulthood, whose crisis is integrity versus despair. Ultimately, I was able to be a first-hand witness to development throughout life
This week I can not stop referencing the last scene of the breakfast club. There are so many different personalities in the eighth grade class at Chief Joseph. I have observed that at this age each student is trying to define themselves without drawing too much attention to themselves. With that being said, I have to ensure that I am taking this into account when I am giving direct instruction, and in passing.
Another theorist that studied stages of development is Erik Erikson. Erikson developed eight psychosocial stages that humans encounter throughout their life. The stages are trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. role confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation, and integrity vs.
In Erik Erikson’s theory he explains that in every stage, a positive or a negative attitude is developed within an individual. During our developing stages we are either successful or we fail. Each stage will come to us whether or not we’re ready for them or not. You can think of the stages as learning stages where crisis occur .Only if we have learned from the previous crisis we are successful. You cannot avoid 1 stage and move to a next stage because of the developing process. The outcome of our lives depends on the way we chose to progress throughout each stage in life. Erikson had his own way in describing each stage in life that we all must go through.
Erik Erikson 's explanation of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality in psychology. The term "psychosocial development" is the pattern of change in emotions, personality and social relationship (“A Child’s World” 10). Erikson believed that the achievements and failures of earlier stages influence later stages, whereas later stages change and transform earlier ones. His theory shows the impact on social relationships throughout one’s entire life. Each individual goes through eight developmental stages, and each stage is characterized by a different “crisis” in personality- a major psychosocial theme that is above all important at that time but will remain an issue to some degree throughout the rest of life (“A Child’s World). “To Erikson, the sequence of the stages are set by nature. It is within the set limits that nurture works its ways” (“Erikson’s Stages of Development”).
According to Erikson, all the stages in his theory are present at birth but present only when a mixture of natural event and nurturing events occur. In addition, each stage builds upon the previous stage and sets up the stage for the stages that follow. Each stage has some type of psychosocial crisis, which is based on physiological development and the environment. If the crisis in a stage is resolved then development to the next stage proceeds, however, the outcome of the stages is not permanent and can be altered by experiences later in life. (Erikson, Childhood and Society, 1993 )
GoodTherapy.org provides a good information about Erikson and gives a list of the 8 stages of psychological development. The stages focus on a central conflict and in Erikson theory of development, children don't automatically complete each stage on a predetermined schedule. Instead, people face generalized challenges throughout life, and the ways in which they answer these challenges determine whether they develop further or stagnate at a particular stage of development. Erikson’s eight stages and associated challenges include: