Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development and Occupational Therapy

1922 Words Jul 17th, 2018 8 Pages
Erik Erikson was one the founding figures in naming the human’s developmental stages. He stemmed his research off of his own life experiences. Today we use his framework for helping diagnose those with injuries with the best treatment possible. He was the person who coined the term “identity crisis” that we so often hear of today. In this paper I will first describe Erikson’s life and all his research, and then I will relate his work to occupational therapy.
Erik Erikson was born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany. According to his obituary that appeared in The New York Times, his parents were separated before he was born due to the fact that he was the result of an affair. He never met his birth father. His mother was
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This stage occurs within the first year of life and when the baby begins to develop feelings for its primary caregiver. If the baby receives consistent care and feels that their caregiver is reliable, then they will be able to feel secure. Succession of this stage helps the baby develop a sense of hope. By developing hope, the baby can stay positive whenever a crisis happens in their life. If the baby fails to develop this sense of hope, then the baby will learn to sense fear throughout their life. This type of fear will lead the baby to live a life full of insecurities and anxiety (McLeod, 2008). The second stage is Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt. This is when the child is developing its physical characteristics and begins moving around more. This stage occurs between the ages of 18 months and three years old. During this stage, the child will start to assert their independence by picking out what clothes they are going to wear or what they are going to eat, etc. As they begin to do things on their own they discover that they have skills, such as tying their shoes or putting their toys together, etc. According to Erikson, it is critical that the parents at this time allow their child to explore the world and figure out their limits with encouragement and support them when they inevitably fail. During this crucial time, the parent must not intervene too much in their child’s life and allow the child to make their own decisions
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