Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Applied to Teaching Technology

2186 Words Jul 18th, 2008 9 Pages
Erik Erikson believed that individual development takes place in a social context. He believed that development is a lifelong process. His theory contains eight stages of development that occur at different points in an individual’s life. At each stage, the individual has, what he believed as, a developmental crisis. Developmental crises are issues in the stage that must be dealt with in order to move on to the next stage. Each stage offers an outcome as to what will happen if the crisis is not resolved.
Incomplete development of one stage can effect later development. Erikson’s developmental model can be used to determine when it is appropriate for an individual to learn how to use computers. The model can also help determine what
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Children in this stage may start using the computer on their own. Parents and teachers should only offer assistance when the child becomes frustrated. By this stage they should be able to use the mouse and click on various options by themselves (Kid Source Online, 2001). In this stage, computers teach children to learn hand-eye coordination, memory and matchmaking, logical thinking, identifying opposites, problem solving, music and rhythm, and creativity stimulation (Kid Source Online, 2001).

The fourth stage of development is industry versus inferiority. This occurs from age six to age twelve. Children in this stage either develop a sense of their own competence at tasks or they end up believing they are not capable of succeeding. Children learn to use tools and make things. They are making the transition from home to school. A sense of identity outside of the home is required. If children are successful in being productive and seeking success then they will develop competence. If they do not develop competence, they will develop a sense of inferiority. Parents and teachers should provide children with the opportunity to set goals and challenge themselves. This is a good time for parents to supply children with daily chores or tasks to complete. Children in this stage of development should have no problem learning and continuing to use computers. In this stage of development, computers may be used to enhance language skills,