Erikson’s theory of growth and development had eight very distinct stages. His theory assumes that

600 WordsApr 23, 20193 Pages
Erikson’s theory of growth and development had eight very distinct stages. His theory assumes that a life crisis occurs during each stage of development. In Erikson’s case the crises are psychosocial in nature because they include the psychological needs of a person that conflict with societal needs. In the theory it states that successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and certain strengths that help one’s ego resolve sticky situations throughout life. Failure to complete any of the stages can result in an unhealthy sense of self, but they can still be resolved later on in life. The first stage is Trust vs. Mistrust. When a baby is born, it is uncertain about the world and the others in it. Is the world a safe…show more content…
Succession for this stage leads to a sense of free will. By developing a sense of free will the child will lead a confident life and feel secure when they going out on their own. If the child is overly criticized and/or controlled then they will feel unable to survive on their own and lack self-esteem. The third stage is Initiative vs. Guilt. During this stage children begin to assert themselves more in order to develop more interpersonal skills. This stage takes place between the ages of three through five years old. This is when the child begins to regularly interact and play with other children at school. Interactions include planning activities together, making up games, and initiating opportunities for each other. If any of this type of interaction if criticized or controlled, then the child will remain followers the rest of their lives. While the parents during this time might feel the need to be protective, the child has to begin making their own decisions and must be given the proper respect to do so, so that way they don’t begin to question themselves. Succession of this stage will help the child develop a sense of purpose. Failure to complete this stage will results in a sense of guilt. The fourth stage is Industry vs. Inferiority. During this stage the child is starting to learn how to read and write, do basic math, and how to make things on their own.

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