Erving Goffman's Work Stigma

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Social psychology and the concept of stigma were greatly influenced by Erving Goffman’s (1963) work Stigma. This pivotal project delineates the varying types of stigmatizing characteristics that arise in various social settings, and the sanctions those individuals receive as a result from deviating from what is considered “normal.” Through analyzation of the narratives and experiences of “blemished” individuals, Goffman builds theory on stigmatized identities. He also maps the construction of the meanings associated with those discreditable or discredited characteristics. Homosexuality is considered to be a discreditable characteristic, as those possessing the label may attempt to pass as “normal.” In this paper, I will discuss the role of…show more content…
The second type is external or enacted stigma on the other hand are the result of actual experiences of discrimination. The authors also state that the two types of stigma are fluid and are interacting and interlinked. The discrimination leads to internal stigma, and the internalized stigma again reinforces and legitimizes the discredited identity (Hasan et al. 2012). Minority stress is described as the unique stressors which are experienced among sexual minorities, this stress has a significant impact on the mental health and well-being of this population. Sexual minorities may be defined here as individuals who self-identify with a sexual orientation that deviates of the normative orientation of heterosexuality. One minority stressor, internalized heterosexism also known as internalized homophobia, refers to incorporating stigma against sexual minorities into one’s self-concept as a product of social rejection or condemnation of a sexual minority identity (Puckett 2017; Meyer 2003). This concept builds on the stigma and stress literature, and focuses on the stresses experienced particularly among sexual minorities and other minority groups. The concept of minority stress is not based on one distinct theory, but is comprised of several social and psychological theoretical
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