Essay On Addiction And Alcohol

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Addiction and Mood and Affect Discussion
Drug and alcohol addiction can be described as a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, and difficult to control use of these substances despite harmful consequences to the drug addict and those around them. Addiction is a brain disease since the abuse of drugs and alcohol results to changes in the structure and function of the brain which challenges a persons ability to resist the desire to take the drugs or even to control the number of drugs or alcohol taken. In the initial stages people take drugs and alcohol voluntarily but with the brain changes an individual will experience an intense impulse to take drugs which one cannot do without and this thus
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Treatment from drugs and alcohol addiction is possible and it should be adjusted based on how the patient responds thus treatment plans are reviewed often and modified to fit the patient's changing needs. It has been shown that combining addiction treatment medicines with behavioral therapy ensures the best chance of success for most patients since it helps in providing continued recovery. For Opioids, treatment will include detoxification, inpatient rehabilitation and outpatient therapy. This treatment will depend on some factors such as the period of time that the drug has been taken and the last time it was taken. Detoxification involves withdrawing from the drug, methadone is normally prescribed if one is withdrawing from a powerful opioid. Rehab lasts from 30 to 90 days with more time devoted to individual therapy, group therapy as well as other activities that help promote recovery from opiates and other substances .Counseling sessions are also included (Eric Patterson, 2016).
Alcohol treatment and rehabilitation can be through behavioral treatment whereby the aim is to change drinking behavior through counseling which takes 21 to 28 on average. During this period detoxification is occurring whereby avoiding alcohol enable the body to get rid of alcohol toxins Mutual support from friends and family or counselling doctors then follow.
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