Essay On Anselm And Aquinas

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Anselm and Aquinas on the Existence and Nature of God The great philosophers Anselm and Aquinas both endeavored to convince their peers through philosophical argument that the existence of God was irrefutable. In the process they made claims regarding the nature of God, concerning issues such as His character and being. Despite seeking to discover the same truth about God, Anselm and Aquinas approached the issue at hand in strikingly dissimilar ways. Anselm’s primary argument for God’s existence is found in his literary work Proslogion which seeks to ontologically provide inarguable proof. In contrast, Aquinas seeks to unequivocally prove His existence through cosmology which is evidenced in his work Summa Theologica. In order to…show more content…
In the same way, if God is the greatest thing we can imagine, He must also exist in reality because in order to be the greatest version of Himself he must exist both in imagination and reality. Through the explanation of Anselm’s beliefs, it becomes quite evident that he is approaching his argument from a place of belief that all men can come to both acknowledge and believe in God’s existence without any other resources than their own mind. This is something which Anselm most likely adopted from Augustine who posited that God “instilled in each soul something that propels the soul to continually seek for the fulfilment in God” (Nnaeme). He alludes to Psalm 19 to back up his argument writing, “Truly there is a God, although the fool has said in his heart, There is no God” (Anselm). In essence he claims that the only reason for anyone to claim that there is not a God is that out of their own foolhardiness and sin-nature, refuse to accept what they already know to be true. Aquinas had a difficult time with this argument though he too believed that God exists indisputably. He decided to approach the issue of God’s existence through a cosmological argument based on the evidence found in the natural world (Bonevac). In particular, he wanted to provide evidence outside of his own personal persuasions as support for God’s
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