A Comparison between Christopher Boone and Raymond Babbitt Asperger´s disorder is not a disease, but a developmental brain disorder. It is four times more prevalent in boys than in girls and it shows no racial, ethnic or social boundaries. Family income, lifestyle and educational levels do not affect the chance of Asperger´s disorder's occurrence. According to Hans Asperger:
Asperger’s syndrome, which is also referred to as Asperger's disorder, is a type of Persuasive Developmental Disorder. Persuasive Developmental Disorder or PDD are a group of conditions that involve delays in the development of basic skills, the most recognizable of these skills is the ability to communicate and socialize with others as well as use their own imagination. Although Asperger's syndrome is similar in some ways to autism, there are important differences between the two. Children with Asperger's syndrome typically function higher than those children with autism. In addition to them being higher functioning; children with Asperger's syndrome generally have normal intelligence and slightly less than normal language development.
Besides the poor communication skills and resulting in awkward social behavior of Asperger’s Syndrome, there are also the physical aspects. People with Asperger’s Syndrome have a heightened sensitivity to loud noises, lights, or even certain colors. For example, they may not be able to wear certain kinds of materials because the fabric will irritate the skin. Often, they have strong taste buds and are sensitive to different textures. Additionally, they may have a rigid walk or an odd posture. Likewise, motor coordination is usually lacking making simple tasks such as handwriting, opening a jar, or catching a ball a struggle. The lack of motor skills makes it difficult to play team
Another social and communication disorder is Asperger syndrome, this is characterised by the following; the individual may have difficulties in social interactions, a restricted range of interests, repetitive behaviours and also they may have a delay in motor development. This may be shown in the individual 's clumsiness or uncoordinated movements, however, those with Asperger 's syndrome don’t have significant delays in both language and cognitive development. There are a number of different symptoms of Asperger 's yet it is unlikely that they would all be present in one person. Each
The person who presents looks normal, normal intelligence capacity, often skilled in restricted areas, but has troubles relating to others and sometimes presents inappropriate behaviors. As well as other conditions recorded in the spectrum, it is believed that Asperger 's disorder is a developmental disorder with neurological basis, in most of the cases is unknown where comes from. There are deviations or abnormalities in three main aspects of development:
While both Autism and Asperger’s are displayed on a scale of severity, it is still a common link between over 90% of participants- and the endeavors they present can make life for those with O.S., who most likely have symptoms of either disorder, extremely difficult.
These areas are directly associated with Asperger’s Syndrome. Diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome can be a challenge. An interview with a clinician must be conducted, including the family of the person being diagnosed. Also, an observation is conducted in two different social settings (i.e.: school and home) (Stoddart, 2009). The criterion to be diagnosed is straight forward. First, there must be a severe impairment in social interaction. For example, no eye to eye contact, posture, does not develop peer relationships, and not bringing up interests to other people (Stoddart, 2009). Second, there must be stereotyped behaviors. For example, not being able to adhere to a random routine or change of plans, hand flapping, and playing with parts of objects, not the object itself. Thirdly, the impairments cause strain on social, and other areas of functioning. Fourth, the child had no delay in speech. This is the difference between a child with autism and Asperger’s. Children with Asperger’s have no delay in speech and usually are advanced in this area. Lastly, the child has no cognitive delay. For example, self-help abilities, and adapting behaviors. Usually these children have very high IQs (Stoddart, 2009). The major criterion is the social impairment. Asperger’s Syndrome is very focused around social behaviors. These children do not socially interact,
Aspergers: Defining the Syndrome What makes you different? Is it your clothes, your personality or your hobbies? Do these things set you apart from everybody else or do they help you fit in? Would you change these things if you could. What if you couldn't change it
While children with Asperger’s Syndrome have an average to above average intelligence and normal cognitive abilities, they unfortunately suffer with impaired social skills. An effective treatment program will have to be tailored to fit the specific child’s Asperger’s in order for the child to be successful in managing his or her own behaviors. This form of treatment is run by a psychologist, counselor, speech pathologist, or social worker, these therapies are invaluable ways to build social skills and the ability to read verbal and non-verbal cues that is often lacking in those with Asperger's. (WebMD, 2013) Without the implementation of the appropriate treatment needed for the lack of social skills as a child, these deficits will continue into adulthood and affect societal and professional performance. According to Szatmari, Bartolucci & Bremner (1989), “Adults with ASD are much more likely than the general population to be unemployed or underemployed and much less likely to have satisfying social relationships” (Szatmari, Bartolucci & Bremner, 1989, Para. 3). The results of this study may have had something to do with the lack of treatment in children with Asperger’s. Even though there is not a cure for this syndrome, understanding the multiple treatment options can reduce the stigma and inaccurate labeling of children with ASD.
For the ASD trait of Aspergers Syndrome, they tend to have a hard time socially interacting with others. They display inappropriate behaviors and have hard times reading gestures or facial expressions of other people. Sometimes their gestures and facial expressions do not communicate with what they are thinking and feeling. Along with this trait, “Aspies are more likely to have a hard time reading people, because of the sensory problem since their senses are most of the time heightened” (The National Center for Learning Disabilities). Aspies feel increase irritation from the sounds/ tones in people's voices, and the texture of foods or certain fabric on clothing can be very overwhelming for people with Aspergers Syndrome. According to Dr. Tim
Current research attempts to find neurobiological or genetic evidence as possible sources for ASD. Within the research and medical communities, there are disagreements as to which characteristics define an individual as having a condition within ASD. For example, the changes within the 4th and 5th editions of the American Psychiatric Association DSM, removes Asperger’s Syndrome as a condition, causing much controversy. It is this controversy about Asperger’s Syndrome significance that this review hopes to elucidate.
Asperger’s disorder (AD) is a disruption in the formation of the child’s physical and or psychological development and recognizing these, the disorder was separated from Autism in 1944, to provide a basis for each child to get the proper care. All children with Asperger Disorder will show some traits in these three categories; impaired social skills, trouble communicating with others and a pattern of behavior, interest, and activities’ will be limited and recurring; they become obsessed with a single theme. Usually the child will have the normal communication skills in the beginning years. They will be using single words by age one. They just will not be using them in the normal way. When doctors are testing for this disorder, they are looking for specific behaviors or skills that are either present or absent. If the right services are available, Asperser’s children will show significant improvement in language
People with Asperger’s don’t take interest in their peers really. They also don’t like meeting new people and interacting with them. In the book Christopher talks about if a new teacher shows up he won’t talk to them at all. He will just sit back and observe them and watch what they do then once he knows they are safe then he will interact. He also lacks interacting with others and playing, he prefers to just be by himself most of the time or with his rat Toby. Also when Christopher and my friend talk to people they hardly make eye contact. They seem to always be looking down and hardly contributing to the
Asperger syndrome is a syndrome when a person has a range of neurological differences causing them to behave differently than most people. Aspergers is a form of autism. When dealing with a person who as Asperger's they choose to say they have aspergers and not asperger's syndrome. Each person who has Aspergers is different, they all are very unique cases.
stereotypical about the children and adults affected by it. Most people with AS do not purposely decide to become loners. There is a tendency that as children develop toward adolescence into adulthood, there is a result in negativism, clinical depression, and sometimes hopelessness because of failure to make relationships (Klin & Volkmar, 1997). People with Asperger’s love seeing things from other people’s perspective. They can also have a difficult time understanding people’s thoughts and most of their feelings. This is when theory of mind comes into play because we, and they, have trouble understanding other people’s perspective (Barnhill, 2001).