Symptoms of this disorder include clumsiness, difficulties with fine and gross motor skills, as well as sensory integrative dysfunction (Missiuna, p. 2). Physical characteristics the child may exhibit are delayed movements, difficulty learning new motor skills, problems with balance, and difficulties with skills that involve constant feedback to plan new movements such as printing or handwriting (Missiuna, p. 3). Children with DCD must overcome individual constraints when it comes to any task. They commonly have low muscle mass and low muscle tone, reduced motor control, and lack body awareness (Missiuna, p. 3). As for emotional characteristics, children with DCD often show little interest in activities that demand a physical reaction, demonstrate frustration, low self-confidence, and a lack of motivation (Missiuna, p. 3). Functional constraints they regularly struggle with include difficulty judging distance of objects, planning and execution of tasks, attention, and anxiety (Barnhart, 2003, p. 725).
There are many feelings that a parent will experience in handling a diagnosis of developmental delayed child. After dealing, with their personal feelings about the many issues that will have to be addressed. The parents have to develop a plan of action for their child that should involve early intervention, understanding educational programs/ services offered in their community, and transitional programs that will help prepare the child for life. Not to mention, “Parents acquired more information, their concerns decreased, their satisfaction increased, and they demonstrated an ability to transfer their learning to new situations.”(Reio & Fornes, p.54 2011). Parents will have to cultivate a train of thought for their child success in school and life.
These are some of the questions that are asked and can be answered through a review of literature. Children with these illnesses are studied to find the reasons of the illness and to solve the problem. The cause of the illness is also identified when study’s take place.
Here the author talks about couple of kids who belong to different social class and race. She mainly focuses on how economical condition affects parenting. Although most of the parents want the best from their kids but indeed they have to balance between their work and financial situation and tune it with their parenting style.
DCD may coincide with delays in one or more of the following areas: gross motor skills, fine motor skills, and speech production (Gaines & Missiuna, 2007). Gross motor deficits may involve problems with balance, coordination, muscle strength, reaction times, and the ability to distinguish left from right. In addition, recent research suggests an association between CDC and left- or mixed- handedness (Vasconcelos, 2009). Fine motor deficits may be associated with problems using writing implements, problems using scissors, and problems performing a variety of adaptive tasks, such as feeding, dressing, and toileting (Trawick-Smith, 2010). Finally, speech production may pertain to complications during articulation, breathing, and the utilization of grammatical structures (Carlson, 2007).
An observation was held in the alpert Jewish community center. A variety of children between the ages of three to five were observed in activities ranging from physical and motor to social and cognitive development “The Gross Motor Function Measure was designed specifically to evaluate change in gross motor function in children with CP (Russellet al1989). It consists of 88 items
If parents, teachers, and other professionals discover a child's learning disability early and provide the right kind of help, it can give the child a chance to develop skills needed to lead a successful and productive life. The LD online website provides a long list of characteristics that might indicate a learning disability between the ages of Kindergarten and high school. Some common signs of a learning disability that as a teacher we can look for in the classroom would be, a student speaks later than most children, pronunciation problems, slow vocabulary growth, student is often unable to find the right word, difficulty rhyming words, trouble learning numbers, alphabet, colors, and shapes, extremely restless and easily distracted, trouble interacting with peers, difficulty following directions or routines, and lastly the fine motor skills are slow to develop. Once the teacher or parents can understand what type of learning disability a child has they can help them succeed academically by providing instruction better and understanding the person
The DSM-5 notes frequent co-occurrence of other neurodevelopmental disorders. However, if a child’s symptoms are better and more completely explained by ASD, intellectual developmental disorder, global developmental delay or another mental disorder, a diagnosis of SCD cannot be made. The notable absence of restricted and repetitive behaviors is the important in appropriately diagnosing a patient with SCD versus ASD.
Research is continually being conducted everyday with this common disorder. Many parents main concerns is the use of medication to treat their child. Many doctors nowadays show the parents the current research of studies being done and their effectiveness as well as providing papers for families for their willingness to participate in ongoing studies to better help understand their childs disorder and the best way to treat it ( Görtz-dorten, Breuer, Hautmann, Rothenberger, Döpfner, 2011).
People with developmental disability include people who have intellectual impairment, learning disability, pervasive developmental disorder, autism, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, and spina bifida. Common to all form of DD is an extended delay in development of one or more adaptive areas such as self-care, receptive and expressive language, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living, and economic sufficiency; whereas in most cases, not all areas of functioning are delayed.
As ethical and moral physical therapists, it is essential to consider all possible sources of the impairment and figure out how to resolve, educate, and prevent future implications for patients. In order to be able to complete such a task, physical therapists must be able to look at functional status through all of its domains, biophysical, psychological, and sociocultural.2,5 In the realm of pediatrics, performing screenings, functional tests, and questionnaires offer a great diagnostic and prognostic data for children. The DDST3 enables a PT to get a sense of a child's cognition, motor functions, and behavior. Identifying possible delays or problems early on is vital in order to ensure proper development, especially since many systems have
Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs) is a collection of disorders characterized by gross deficits in many areas of cognitive, emotional, and social development which results from severe and pervasive impairment of social interaction and communication skills. One out of every ten children in the U.S. is affected by a PDDSs disorders. (Chad & Raymond, 2013). The purpose of this paper is to examine the historical background and the neurological basis to the disorder, providing up-to-date information on the full range neuropsychological assessment, and Psychological Treatment and finally as the efficacy of the Neuropsychological Assessment/Treatment and Psychological assessment and treatment available to help children
Child Psychology, study of children’s behavior-including physical, cognitive, motor, linguistic, perceptual, social, and emotional characteristics-from birth through adolescence. Child psychologists attempt to explain the similarities and differences among children and to describe normal as well as abnormal behavior and development. They also develop methods of treating social, emotional, and learning problems and provide therapy privately and in schools, hospitals, and other institutions.
Psychology involves studying the mental functioning and general behaviors of both humans and animals. Social behavior and mental functioning of an individual are explained by exploring the neurological and physiological processes. These include emotions, cognition, perception, motivation, attention, brain functioning and personality. Child psychology is as well stated to be the application of psychological techniques to children where it involves carrying out research on mental states and development of children. The development of the child both physically, mentally and emotionally, with the help of a parent allows the identification of helpful information to any evolving challenges in child’s behavior and
From birth through adolescence, a significant amount of developmental changes occur. Children grow and develop physically, cognitively and emotionally. Each individual aspect of development has an effect on the child as a whole. If a child struggles developmentally in any of the areas (physically, emotionally or cognitively), it can affect one of the other areas of development as well. For example, if a child is underdeveloped physically, they may experience emotional development issues because they may be made fun of and teased by other children.