The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, officially ended the war between Mexico and the United States. Even though it happened over 168 years ago, its legacy persists, because the treaty redefined the border and the border region. Under the terms of the treaty, Mexicans who suddenly found themselves living in the United States choose either Mexican citizenship, in which case they would have to relocate south of the new border, or to stay where they were and become citizens of the United States. About 80 percent—a total of seventy-five thousand Mexican people—remained in the United States (Passel, 2011). Since then, continuing economic and political difficulties in Mexico, combined with economic opportunities in the United States, have encouraged the flow of migration from Mexico to the United States in large numbers. Today, Mexican Americans are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States and the estimated Mexican American population in 2000 was 20.6 million people, the largest Mexican population outside of Mexico (Center for Immigration Studies, 2010). Most Mexican Americans entered the United States legally and have become full U.S. citizens, however, the number of illegal immigrants arriving from Mexico has been an alarming and concerning issue in the United States and especially the state of Arizona. Arizona is in a unique geopolitical location in the United States because it shares a 370-mile border with Mexico. Much of the border is open and
In the Land of Open Graves Jason de León personifies the US-Mexico border crossers who are often dehumanized and reduced to the “undocumented”, and simultaneously explores the interaction between sociopolitical power and hybrid collectif in producing the deterrence that serves the interests of the US government. He elucidates the true objective of the Prevention Through Deterrence Strategy which funneled the border crossers to hostile environments such as the Sonoran Desert of Arizona with the aim to enhance fatal consequences of illegal immigration and discourage people from violating the law. Most interestingly, the policy rests on the “personification of the dessert”, scapegoating nature for increased death rates and “masking the workings
Several historical legislations have contributed to the intensification of structural racism in Arizona towards Latino immigrants that has been carried along to modern days. Most of them originated from past disputes over illegal immigration, which for the most part entail perceptions of illegal immigrants as “criminal aliens”.
Recognize Nieves? No? Okay, how about Zacatecas? Still not ringing a bell? Okay, okay, Mexico? Yeah, I knew you’d know that one. Nieves, Zacatecas is within the Mexico borders. A humble place where I was born. Several circumstances started evolving where I was raised. And just like any other parents, mine got concerned which later resulted of us relocating to a safer environment. A place where death would visit frequently wasn’t a good place for a 1 year old kid. A town where the word trust was unknown. Leading to my parents decision of following the american dream.
During the late 1700s, Adam Smith and Thomas Malthus each entered their predictions on the future of the world’s economies into the history books. In his writings in An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Smith theorized that national economies could be continuously improved by means of the division of labor, efficient production of goods, and international trade. In An Essay on the Principle of Population, Thomas Malthus predicted that the sustainable production of food in relation to population was vital to the mere existence of national economies in order to ensure an able labor force. Smith believed that the success or
The actions made in today’s societies across the country not only affect those situations immediately at hand, but also those for generations to come. This paper will be delving into immigration reform in Arizona, and more specifically the negative effects that the border surge has had on the socio-economic status of the Grand Canyon state. The motivation for choosing this topic comes from the time spent personally living in Arizona for 12 years and seeing it as one of the most dynamic states having to solve problems for a multitude of issues that arouse within it. The main drive for this paper is the question that asks, what are the socio-economic impacts of the Arizona immigration legislation? This question focusing more on supporting
The disease environment of a particular area can be shaped by a number of things, some of which are economic, social, and political shifts in the area. During the 19th century as urbanization and industrialization grew economic, social, and political changes occurred. While these major shifts changed the dynamics of cities they also changed the dynamics of disease.
America is considered one of the leading countries in the world for medical advances. We are leaders in the effort to cure such things such as Cancer, AIDS, HIV, and as of recent Ebola. With such advanced tools, Americans can sleep easier at night. But what about other countries, like Liberia, who has little to no medical training? Don’t they deserve the right to a healthy life too? Many Americans believe that they do which is why we should send more health care professionals to countries struggling to fight deadly diseases.
As time progresses humankind seeks to better itself. We strive to make life easier, faster, and more efficient. Currently we have telescopes that can see objects light years away, satellites that can track you around the planet, cars that adjust the seat and steering wheel to separate drivers, and computers that fit in your hand and perform a million calculations a second. But not everyone in this world has this technology. In parts of the world there are people who are still advancing, they are hundreds of years behind the technological leaders of this world. They only have the simple hand tools we discarded decades ago. They might have cars and trucks but those are technologies developed
An innocent child begs her mother for food, a single tear running down her cheek. The fires of life that once filled the girl’s eyes slowly begin to fade. The mother embraces her child, tells her the pain will be gone within a few moments. As she holds her, she feels the warmth slip away; her little girl’s body becomes engulfed by empty coldness. So much could have been done to save that life, from local government support to foreign aid, yet not enough aid was given. And so, society is posed with the question of “How much aid should wealthy nations provide for developing countries?” This paper will look at the philosophy behind this question by analyzing two articles.
Poverty has many faces, changing from place to place and across time, and has been described in many ways. Applied ethics is a person’s judgement on a moral standpoint, of a particular issue in private and public life. In class we learned about four different philosophers and their views on world poverty. I agreed with two philosophers that have different views, but they both had the same opinion that the United States should stop sending aid to foreign countries. In this essay my view is that the United States should stop sending aid to foreign countries. I will defend my view against poverty by discussing Garret Hardin and, James Shikwati views on poverty, and how the United States and other countries will benefit from not sending aid.
Probably, one of the most frequently cited de nitions of “borderlands” in this new histori- cal school of thought comes from Gloria Anzaldúa’s 1987 book, Border- lands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, in which she describes these zones as something more than xed areas on maps: they are places where “people of different races occupy the same territory, where under, lower, middle and upper classes touch, where the space between two individuals shrinks with intimacy” (preface, unnumbered page). Borderlands, in this view, are home to con icting, divergent cultures, as well as people for whom multiple cul- tures could potentially lend order and meaning to the
Over the last 50 years, the world has struggled to maintain an economic balance and stability, while flourishing countries try to maintain a steady income to support its people and relations with other countries. Therefore, when a continent like Africa fails to maintain a stable government and economy, super powers such as America decide to intervene with its relations. Africa has great potential to become another pillar of the world’s economic structure with its mass amounts of uncultivated land. Unfortunately, corruption and irresponsible governments hinder that progress. Foreign aid while helpful should be limited to a yearly amount because it allows the government to repudiate responsibility and gives room for corruption; it creates a