Essay On Health Care Surrogate

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In addition to the PSDA, in 1993, the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws approved the Uniform Health-Care Decisions Act (UHCD Act), which created a basic rule for recognizing and honoring all kind of written or oral statement as an advance directive. The goal of UDCD act was to ensure uniformity and consistency in the implementation of advance directive across different states. Despite the adoption of the UHCD Act by several states, there are still vast differences in the advance health care directive laws of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Apart from this, The Illinois General Assembly in 1991 passed the Illinois Health Care Surrogate Act which applies to all medical treatment decisions. “The Act provides standards for making decisions about treatment for individuals who lack decision-making capacity and who and have not executed a durable power of attorney for health care or a living will”( In such cases the act allows family members, friends or guardians to act as a Healthcare surrogate. The health care surrogate in consultation with the attending physician can make medical treatment decisions on behalf of a minor or an adult patient who lacks decisional capacity. According to the law, the order of priority in determining the surrogate decision maker is the patient’s guardian, followed by the patient’s spouse, any adult child, parents, adult sibling, adult grandchild, and lastly a close friend. While the federal laws like…show more content…
According to a study published in The American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2014) only 26.3 % of respondents had an advance directive, whereas 74.7% did not have one. Lack of awareness was cited at the most common reason for not having an advance directive (Rao., et al). Some of the patient characteristics associated with a
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