Essay On Health Disparities And Suicide

Better Essays
suicide is not often thought of in regard to the field of Public Health however, certain health disparities have increased risk and incidence according to research. Suicide is defined as death caused by self-directed injury or behavior with the intent to die as a result of the decision made (Center for Disease Control, 2015). A consistent definition is important from a public health perspective to assure the proper preventative measures are taken. Identification of high-risk groups (disparities) allows practitioners to assist in early detection and prevention. This paper explores the disparity of sex in relation to national suicide rates along with the epidemiology, etiology and public policy regarding suicide.
…show more content…
Although higher prevalence may occur in some countries, there are generally no cultural associations. Families of suicide victims will often state they cannot recall much leading up to the death or that the individual was never really that sad. Unfortunately, suicide is often an outcome of extreme mental anguish without the ability or desire to carry on with normal life expectations. While not all reasons can point back to preventative measures or risk factors, there are certain issues to be aware of when looking at risk associated with an individual. Risk factors…show more content…
Suicide rates suggest that certain disparities do exist. Disparities between both age and sex are most common while race can also play a factor when discussing disparities. In 2014, White males accounted for 77.4% of all suicides, only 22.6% were women (American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, 2016). In addition to sex disparities, some race/ethnic disparities exist. From 2005-2014 the rates according to race are as follows: Whites 14.7, American Indians 10.9, Hispanics 6.3, Asians and Pacific Islanders 5.9 and Africans 5.5 (American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, 2016). There is an outstanding difference in the White race compared to Africans or
Get Access