Essay On Instructional Practices For Students With Emotional And Behavioural Disorder

1453 Words6 Pages
Instructional Practices for Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorder Special Education teachers of students with EBD are faced with the challenge of decreasing inappropriate behavior while increasing academic achievement (Vannest, et al., 2009). Although many educators may believe that it is important to have a student’s disruptive and inappropriate behavior under control before a student can learn, the focus on managing and changing behavior leads to minimal academic instruction for students with EBD (Wehby, et al., 2003). It is important that behavioral interventions and support do not replace academic instruction (Wehby et al., 2003) but that they change environmental variables that lead to the problem behavior (Sutherland et…show more content…
In peer-mediated interventions peers, rather than adults are responsible for instruction, which includes peer-tutoring or cooperative learning (Ryan et al., 2004). Peer-mediated interventions incorporate various instructional strategies to help meet the needs of diverse learners with varying levels of ability and are often based on individual and group reinforcement contingencies of performance (Landrum, Tankersley, & Kauffmann, 2003). Students are typically paired with one another during a particular lesson to learn from each another. Academic as well as social benefits can occur through the one-on-one interaction between classmates. Peer-mediated interventions provide an environment with reduced student-to-teacher ratios, where instructional strategies of individualization, response supervision, error correction, and reinforcement are more likely to take place (Utley & Mortweet, 1997). Peer-mediated interventions have a well-established record of effectiveness. Research has shown that peer-mediated interventions have consistently resulted in positive academic outcomes for tutors as well as tutees among children with disabilities (Ryan, et al., 2004). Although students with EBD typically struggle with social skills and do not know how to establish friendships, working individually with a fellow classmate encourages interaction and communication. Peer-mediated intervention has been shown to be a viable option to help prevent academic failure of students with
Get Access