Essay On Islamic Art

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Nature of Islamic Art
Islamic art does not only describe the art created in the service of Muslim faith
(for example, a mosque and its furnishings) but also include the art produced in the lands ruled by Muslims, produced for Muslim patrons, or created by Muslim artists. “As it is not only a religion but a way of life, Islam fostered the development of a distinctive culture with its own unique artistic language that is reflected in art and architecture throughout the Muslim world”1.
The Islamic art was influenced greatly by the preexisting artistic traditions of the conquer lands ruled by Muslims, beside those artists who worked under Byzantine or Sasanian patronage continued to work in their own styles but for Muslim patrons, influencing the Islamic art to rely on earlier
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“With its geographic spread and long history, Islamic art was inevitably subject to a wide range of regional and even national styles and influences as well as changes within the various periods of its development. It is all the more remarkable then that, even under these circumstances, Islamic art has always retained its intrinsic quality and unique identity. Just as the religion of Islam embodies a way of life and serves as a cohesive force among ethnically and culturally diverse peoples, the art produced by and for Muslim societies has basic identifying and unifying characteristics.”2 Islamic art is usually classified in literature and museums according to the dynasty reigning when the work of art was produced, beginning with the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties that governed a vast and unified Islamic state, and concluding with the more regional, though powerful, dynasties such as the safavids, Ottomans and Mughals. Islamic art is also identified by searching for the four basic components of Islamic ornament.
Calligraphy is the most highly regarded and most fundamental element of Islamic art.
It is significant that the Qur’an, the book of
God’s revelations to
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