The key drivers of uncertainty for ISIS in these scenarios include its ability to management its level fundamentalism and stability within its environment. Muslim conduct Islamic fundamentalism when they live and project on to others the original interpretation of Muhammed teachings. The most radical fundamentalism is Wahhabi or Salafist, supporting the conservative and extreme interpretation of the Quran and Sharia Law. ISIS uses its radical fundamentalist interpretation of Quran and Sharia Law to conduct its killing, caliphate and management its people. Due to its major combat losses, ISIS may want a less aggressive approach of fundamentalism to be more appealing to large portions of the Muslim community. The moderate fundamentalism approach used the both the uses the Quran and Sharia Law as well but used political governance or over more aggressive violence to achieve its strategic objectives. To regain personnel and strengthen its forces, ISIS may want to consider globalism over nationalism to improve stability. Although Globalism promotes international investment along with the spread of ideas and culture to other nations, ISIS may want to engage with Nationalism approach to strength it based in Iraq or Syria. All four scenarios review the importance of both fundamentalism and stability as major driving factors projecting the future of an uncertain
ISIS claims to be a legitimate caliphate, which is basically a divinely-sanctioned political body, whose rules, laws, and political ambitions are modeled according to the first ruling order established by Muhammad. According to Islam, that is the only correct and acceptable form of government, and because of this, ISIS technically has a military and political authority of all Muslims worldwide. The Ottoman Empire also had a caliphate to create power and organization over their empire when it still
Over the past year or two, newspapers, radio stations, and news broadcasts have been covering the rapid ascent of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, also known as ISIS. But they have spread far beyond those material boundaries, reaching into the minds and homes of young people across the globe. These young people are led to believe that ISIS is saving the world, not harming it and that they must partake in the fight for religious dictatorship. They are instructed over the internet to perform acts of terrorism in their own country, known as domestic terrorism. Due to the dramatic increase in terrorist activity
This group’s roots trace back to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian who set up Jihad in 2002. A year after the United States invaded Iraq, Zarqawi pledged allegiance to Osama Bin Laden, and founded Al-Qaeda in Iraq. After Zarqawi’s death his followers created an umbrella organization ISI, or Islamic State in Iraq. In 2003 the Islamic State renamed itself to the Islamic State in Iraq and Levant. Now ISIS is using propaganda to recruit Westerners to their cause. Most people who are being recruited have no connection to ISIS, or Syria at all. There is no initiation process to join ISIS. One just has to be willing to commit acts of terror, and be a cold blooded killer. To be recruited one must find a Jihadi mentor. The
According to American intelligence officials, 20,000 foreigners and at least 3,400 Westerners have joined the Islamic State’s cause and are now fighting on the frontline in Iraq and Syria. Unlike the British in WW1, ISIS doesn’t use propaganda posters to recruit new fighters, they use social medias like Twitter, Facebook, and Whatsapp to reach their target audience in a language it understands. According to U.S. States Department spokeswoman,
Unlike other terrorists groups whose main purpose is to enforce terrorism around the world, ISIS’ brutal strategies are how they defend their beliefs and protect their land (Chavez). ISIS has been able to obtain a majority of their land even with U.S. led coalition strikes and ground operations; they control much of the Tigris-Euphrates river basin, northern central Iraq, and northern Syria and seek to control every aspect of their land in each city and town, including essential roads, oil fields, and military facilities (BBC). “In March [of] 2015, the president of the International Committee of the Red Cross [estimated there to be] more than 10 million people [living under ISIS control]” (BBC). Inside areas where ISIS imposes its austere rendition of Sharia, another way to say the “framework” of Islam, women wear full veils, public beheadings are a daily routine, and those who refuse this way of life are forced to supply the government with a certain tax, convert, or choose death
But, ISIS on the other hand requires territory to remain legitimate. This group is also very traditional when it comes to their religion and practices. While Al Qaeda was a modern group with modern political views, ISIS has a tendency to stick to old fashioned Islam, speaking in terms and phrases that Islamic people now don’t understand or relate to. Their leaders have said that they will not and cannot abandon the governing precepts that were embedded in Islam by the prophet Muhammad and his earliest followers (Wood, 2015). They believe that out of entire Islamic culture, they are the most radical and accurate Islamists there are because they do refer back to the origination of Islam. All of their decisions, actions, etc. are referred back to and based off of the Prophetic Methodology which is the following of the prophecy by Muhammad. Muslims have a book called the Koran that is filled with specific rules and guidelines that are to be followed. It states that crucifixion is one of the only punishments for anyone who objects or disagrees with the Islamic, Sunni religion. The ninth chapter orders them to fight Christians and Jews until they pay their Jizya or tax with complete submission. The prophet Muhammad is the one who created the Koran and all that it entails. ISIS takes the Koran very seriously. More seriously than any Islamic group ever has. It’s almost as if they have an obsession with following the rules that Muhammad has set
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, popularly known as ISIS and Daesh, is the 21st centuries rising global threat to humanity. The world has united to reduce and ultimately prevent genocide. In the paper ISIS will be referenced as Daesh. The initial part of the essay will cover Daesh origins, ideology, goals, and objectives. It is essential to know the similarities of the present Daesh brutalities and historic barbarisms of Wahhabism. The rest of the essay will focus on leadership, funding, and capabilities, such as physical bases support locations. The conclusion will attempt to raise concern of the internal threat within the United States. This essay will be limited to sources not having access to restricted or classified information. The closing goal of this essay is to embolden the serious threat to the United States and other countries seeking pursuit of life, liberty and happiness.
The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, commonly known as ISIS, has frightened the whole world by committing attacks in the Middle East, Paris, and San Bernardino, California. ISIS claims to be the legitimate ruler of all Muslims and it operates the Muslim world. ISIS was able to expand as the result of local groups conflicts with Western interests. Daniel Byman declares that local groups are attracted to ISIS for genuine conviction. Particularly, young men believe that ISIS is the defender and avenger of Sunnis worldwide. On the other hand, some groups join ISIS for accessibility to financial and technical aid. While , ISIS grows beyond Iraq and Syria, religious intolerance is created. The group delivers its religious beliefs by barbarian acts, such as beheading and rape to intimidate their enemies and obtain supporters.
In the CNN library of, “ISIS Fast Facts” CNN shares the story of ISIS the group known for killing dozens of people in the public by executions, beheading or brutal acts. Not accepting the loss of their jobs many anger without a job established al Qaeda in Iraq to wage against U.S. A. In the process to establish an Islamic caliphate, or state across the region. In school’s boys and girls are forced to separate, also enforce no justice for women.
The beginnings of ISIS,a Sunni jihadist group,can be traced back to 1999, when Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian jihadist, started the group . In 2010, after ISIS’s second leader was assassinated, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi,a former scholar of Islamic studies and a US war prisoner back in 2004,took over and got the group back on track. He replenished their partially-killed-off leadership with dozens of Saddam’s old Ba’athist military personnel, who brought key experience to the group. Then in 2011, when the Syrian Civil War broke out, ISIS joined in as a rebel force,which helped to train and battle-harden the group. ISIS’s behavior in Syria was so brutal and severe that they even started creeping out the other groups, including al-Qaeda, who finally had a tantrum in early 2014 and cut all ties with ISIS. The ISIS, like all terrorist organizations, arose out of systems of discontent that made extremist ideology appealing. The extremist ideology of ISIS is an aberration of Islam marked by radical apocalyptic thought. The ISIS’s position is antithetical to Shia Islam, which believes that just as a prophet is appointed by God alone, only God has the prerogative to appoint the successor to his prophet (the caliphate).
Many sieges, beheadings and other terrorist attacks are what ISIS is most famous for – hated by the world for killing their loved ones – but why do they do it? “They wanted to control the entire world. To annihilate the infidels, the Christians and creating an Islamic state. One Islamic state” – Amir Ahmed Ali. (ISIS Fighter: We wanted to take over the world. Rudaw. N.p., 30 Mar. 2015.). Many people are afraid that this violent religious group is unstoppable, and that they will in fact take over the world. The culture of ISIS is extremely religious with “carefully considered beliefs.” (Wood, Graeme. “What ISIS Really Wants.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 15 Feb. 2015.) So if they are so religious, do they perceive themselves as violent, or do they think they are doing the right thing? It is hard to answer, but all anyone knows is that violence is in their culture. The dominant culture of most people in this world find ISIS extremely hard to understand, and to most of the world, this group is viewed as one of the most dangerous groups ever to live. This is why the culture of ISIS can inform the study of violence, and help gain better
The Isis ideology consists of the restoration of the caliphate of early Islam, and pledging allegiance to it. Robert Spencer, a journalist, defines the caliphate in his article “The Caliphate Restored,” in which he says the caliphate was the center of the Muslim community, which consisted of a caliph, a chosen person from the most pious and capable men of the community, who was considered to be the political, military and religious leader. He ruled according to the dictates of the Sharia (Islamic law), implementing Allah’s decrees of justice on earth. The caliphate was later abolished by the Turkish government, causing The Muslim Brotherhood to form (2014). ISIS regards to maintain the purification of Islamic society, they must fight non-Muslim countries, and in some cases,
With the increase of Islamic State-affiliated attacks by radicalized “Lone Wolf” actors and dedicated Islamic State fighters, it is necessary to consider the potential for similar attacks in the United States. The November 2015, coordinated attack in Paris, France, and the January 2015, shooting in the Charlie Hebdo offices in Paris, demonstrated the Islamic States ability to coordinate complex attacks in physical locations however, the true measure of the Islamic States potential lies in its ability to continuously field a supply of willing followers through online propaganda and recruiting (Gorka, Gorka, 2015, 1).
Isis was created in 1999 but became known by the world in 2014 after a number of terrorist attacks and beheadings of journalists who were captured in the middle east. The current leader of Isis is Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and the founder in 1999 was Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Isis was first a small group who allied with Al- Qaeda but since then have turned into the most powerful terrorist group in the world today. Isis has proven this by taking over land in Syria and Iraq creating the Islamic state. Obama tried to stop this while groups of men and women where in the middle east fighting Al- Qaeda but it quickly got out of hand in 2007 America started withdrawing troops and in 2011 the last troop left the middle east for that time being. The Islamic State’s influence and model are spreading. Even in many Muslim countries where the Islamic State does not have a strong presence, its rise is radicalizing their populations, fomenting sectarianism, and making a troubled region worse. The Islamic State’s successes in Syria and Iraq alarmed many in Washington and prompted the Obama administration to overcome its longstanding hesitation to become more militarily involved in Iraq and Syria. But there is one person for whom the Islamic State’s rise is even more frightening: Ayman al-Zawahiri. Although the Al Qaeda leader might be expected to rejoice at the emergence of a strong jihadist