Essay On Kalahandi

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Agrarian distress has perpetually affected Kalahandi. It has been in the national and international media since 1985 due to its acute drought, death and hunger-stricken population. Paradoxically, Kalahandi is not poor in resources; outsiders and merchants flock here for rare gemstones and its business, which unfortunately do not contribute to any local development. Native people have migrated in large numbers to other parts of India. About 100,000 residents from Balangir and Kalahandi, mostly communities belonging to scheduled caste and scheduled tribe categories, have moved to Raipur and stay in an infamous slum called Raipur Ka Narak (The hell of Raipur) (Mishra 2011). Kalahandi has a long known and recorded history of about a century of drought and agricultural failure. A massive famine occurred in 1866, which is called Nannka Durbhikhya, a major milestone in the history of colonial Odisha that wiped coastal Odisha population and…show more content…
This is a paddy cultivating area and there were innumerable number of ponds, tanks and reservoirs earlier which were maintained by the kings and local communities. After the implementation of permanent settlement during the colonial period in this region, first in 1883, 1885 and finally in 1904-05, land relations, community structures and village structures were changed permanently (Orissa Report 1985).It also alienated the tribes from their land and forest rights (Mishra and Rao 1992). These reservoirs were no longer managed by the kings, Gauntias or the communities and were completely neglected leading to its demolition. In the postcolonial period, neglect and mismanagement of traditional water management system continued along with improper planning. This has been worsened by exploitation of Kalahandi as a resource frontier by speculative traders and businessmen, under the shadow of the national and provincial state (Pradhan

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