Essay On Menopause

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Prior to women entering menopause there is a transitional period called perimenopause. This phase typically occurs between ages 45 to 55 with menopause occurring at the average age of 51 years (ACOG, 2017& Juve, Schadewald, Youngkin, & Davis, 2013). Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual period for 1 year. Your irregular bleeding is strongly associated with perimenopause because your hormone levels are currently fluctuating. During this time-period you may also experience intermittent symptoms of menopause. Hot flashes and sweating are the most common symptoms of menopause. A hot flash is a warm feeling that typically begins in the chest area and progresses upward to the neck and face. Hot flashes can occur during the day or night. If you are…show more content…
The thyroid secrets several hormones that regulate our metabolic rate, growth and development, and body temperature. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones. An autoimmune disease called Hashimoto thyroiditis is a common cause on why people develop hypothyroidism in the United States. An autoimmune disease is when our immune system produces antibodies that attacks the thyroid gland (Domino, Baldor, Golding, & Stephens, 2018). Hypothyroidism can cause menstrual irregularities and in some cases, it can cause sever menorrhagia in 22% of women (Juve, Schadewald, Youngkin, & Davis, 2013). Other signs & symptoms include: fatigue, weight gain, constipation, increased sensitivity to cold, slower pulse, dry skin, deep and hoarse voice, brittle and dry hair, and may experience difficulties with concentration (Domino et al., 2018). Hyperthyroidism is caused by increased production of thyroid hormones that increases your metabolic rate. Symptoms include menstrual irregularities, fatigue, weight loss, heat intolerances, excessive sweating, and your thyroid gland can enlarge (Jarvis,
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