Essay On Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

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Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a prevalent disorder in the population affecting 1 to 17% of the population (Silverman, Ginsburg, & Kurtines, 1995). It is characterized by repetition of thoughts that cause significant distress to the individual along with compulsory behavior, whether overt or covert intended to alleviate the feelings of distress (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). Obsessive-compulsive disorder is not only debilitating to the diagnosed individual but it affects the diagnosed individual’s family members as well (Silverman, Ginsburg, & Kurtines, 1995). Due to the disorder’s impactful nature on the family, treatment often entails that of family members (Silverman et al., 1995). Keeping in mind the prevalence…show more content…
Often times, family members of the diagnosed member, lack knowledge around their diagnosis and struggle in finding the best way to cope (Noppen et al., 1997). With psycho-education, family members come into awareness of the ways they have altered their ways of living to accommodate the distress experienced by the diagnosed individual. (McFarlane, 2004). As an example, individuals struggling with OCD might engaged in seeking reassurance from family members, making requests to avoid certain places, items, and situations, resulting in the family member continuously thinking in terms of reassurances along with adapting new ways to help the diagnosed individual to avoid the negative stimulus (Calamari et al., 2011). Specific psycho-education can be provided to family regarding OCD, such as, the interrelation between thoughts, feelings and behaviors, how OCD compulsions are maintained through avoidance behaviors, and the process of treatment through learning relaxation techniques followed by gradual exposure (Silverman et al., 1995). With new awareness, the family is now able to let go of the burden of accommodation, while helping the diagnosed member on their road to
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