Essay On Pay To Play

1452 WordsNov 15, 20176 Pages
Contents Introduction A Brief History of High School Athletics Purpose and Benefits of High School Athletics Emergence of Pay-to-Play Models and Impact on Participation Legal Implications of Pay-to-Play Models Barriers to Participation to Racial Minorities and Low Income Families Potential Changes to Minimize Impacts on Racial Minorities and Low Income Families Suggestions for Future Research Introduction Shrinking education budgets have resulted in cuts to high school athletic programs. In response to the cuts, many high school athletic programs have implemented pay-to-play programs. These programs require the payment of participation fees that may rise to several hundreds of dollars. Such steeps participation fees present significant…show more content…
This formation of a large, urban, public school sports league was a major development for organized youth athletics and also signaled that athletics had become an important part of public education (Bowen & Hitt, 2016, p. 8). This coincided with both the expansion of education to America’s children and an increased number of immigrants (Ripley, 2013). Concerns arose that increased schooling would make American boys soft and weak compared to their hard and strong new immigrant students (Ripley, 2013). It was believed that sports would ensure boys remained masculine and would be distracted from vices such as gambling and prostitution (Ripley, 2013). Indeed, in an essay on “The American Boy,” former president Theodore Roosevelt wrote: “In life, as in a foot-ball game, the principle to follow is: Hit the line hard; don’t foul and don’t shirt, but hit the line hard!” (Ripley, 2013); (Theodore Roosevelt Association, Greeting for the American Boy http://www.theodoreroosevelt.org). An increase in after-school leisure time for poor and working class students provided an additional reason for the rise of student athletics, which were seen as a positive way to keep students occupied (Bowen & Hitt, 2016). School-sponsored athletics continued to grow until the Great Depression, at which time new recreational
Open Document