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Essay On Taj Mahal

Decent Essays
The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal, a marvelous white marbled mahal, symbolizes the beauty of love, and misery, is one of the seven wonders of the world. Taj Mahal was built during the Mughal Period when Mughals (Muslims) from Persia, Afghanistan, and many parts of middle east conquered India. It was built by fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan who ruled India during the early 17th century. He constructed the divine Taj in the memory of his begum (wife) Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal was a Persian Muslim Princess, who married Shah Jahan in 1612 (tajmahal.gov.in Staff). Soon after begum’s death, Taj Mahal’s construction was started in 1631. Shah Jahan had two aims, firstly to construct the largest mausoleum in the world and the complex he designed was
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The couple had 14 children but some children died during the birth and some died at early age. In total, the couple had seven well surviving children. However during the birth of their fourteenth offspring, Mumtaz died in 1631 due to some disease (history.com Staff). Two months later, Shah Jahan ordered to build the Taj Mahal. As a result, Taj Mahal symbolizes the eternal love of emperor and his queen. Taj Mahal was completed in 1648 but it was not open to public until 1653. Taj Mahal is nothing but a gigantic marble tomb. This was a gift from Shah Jahan to his wife. Soon after the completion of the monument, Mumtaz’s dead body was placed in the center of the tomb. But after few years in 1658, Shah Jahan was captured by his own son named Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb was the last great Mughal emperor formed in the history of Mughal dynasty. Aurangzeb was the third son of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz. Because of greed of becoming the emperor of dynasty, Aurangzeb killed his elder brother and imprisoned his father, Shah Jahan for eight years. Shah Jahan was imprisoned in Agra Fort, which was on the opposite side of the river Yamuna, and from the balcony of the Agra Fort, Taj Mahal was visible. This helped Shah Jahan to help survive for more years. But after eight years, Shah Jahan died of illness on January 22, 1666 in the city of Agra (Bhavesh Variya, 88). Later his son and the current emperor Aurangzeb buried his dead body in Taj Mahal
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