Essay On The Citole

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Professor Griffith
HIS 101 – 001L
July 24, 2017
The Citole: Scholarly Discussions and Commentaries on its Various Features
The citole is a wooden, stringed instrument that resembles a primitive violin-guitar hybrid. Its musical technique is like that of a guitar; pitch change is controlled in the neck. Geoffrey Chaucer crafted The Canterbury Tales during an age when music was expressive and influential. Venus’s altar is vividly detailed in the Knight’s Tale, in part 3 of The Canterbury Tales. The beautiful statue of Venus is depicted holding a citole in her right hand. The inclusion of this small lyre-like instrument has a deep association and symbolic meaning. The citole has connections with angels, ethereality, and divinity.
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The Early Music journal and the article written by Jan Harriman appear to be reputable, scholarly sources for accurate information.
The second article was also found using the Academic Search Complete database. The article is from Early Music Performer, a journal of the National Early Music Association (NEMA), and it contains findings from a 2-day symposium about the citole. Titled “The British Museum Citole: New Perspective 4-5 November 2010”, this article is comprised of discussions, papers, discourses, and commentaries written about the citole on display in the British Museum in London, England. A wealth of art history scholars present papers categorized in sessions depending on the focus. Multiple sessions spread over 2 days gave way to a lot of information and conjectures concerning several physical, social, historical, and artistic aspects of the citole throughout history. Some sections are in-depth descriptions regarding the physical structure of the citole, its wooden material, the nature of its decorations, its method of tuning, comparisons to other instruments, and the physical and social implications of its playstyle. Other sessions dissect various aspects of the citole and attempt to identify its historical significance, origins, influence, associations, relevance, social order, artistic value, role in medieval cities, and artistic context in manuscript. The article ends with a
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