Essay 'Totalitarianism A New Story'

842 Words4 Pages
Throughout history, proletarians, also referred to as ‘proles’ within the novel 1984, only looked to take action against people directly affecting the impoverished population negatively. Ignorance plays a crucial role towards the actions of the plebeians. Dystopian societies in particular create blissfully ignorant citizens who are grateful by the basic necessities provided by the government. Within the critical essay “Totalitarianism” A New Story? An Old Story?” the author, Laurence Lerner, compares utopias, societies based on advanced in technology and other fields, and dystopias, societies affiliated with lack of progression and negative aspects of normal societies like torture, as if the two share numerous features. “The central difficulty, in the writing both of Utopias and Dystopias, concerns newness. Since they describe non-existent societies, the account must draw on the actual history which they have abolished. That is why nostalgia, in a Utopia, is a so idle a diversion, and in a Dystopia so crucial a pleasure” (Bloom, 2007, p. 74) Utopias are based on a population’s contentment while…show more content…
However, numerous qualities from both utopian and dystopian societies are presented in the country of Oceania. Censorship and the removal of everything related to the ugly truth is a prominent theme within not only the novel 1984, but also the civilization known as Oceania. The Ministry of Truth changes recounts about past events- including Big Brother’s speeches and old news articles- to fit the current circumstances. One can argue that the censorship can be a utopian feature of which the inner party only wanted to affiliate the government with positive terms and emotions such as having the the government being known as all knowing in addition to providing only positive
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