Essay on Kiwi Fruit

3672 WordsMar 17, 201315 Pages
Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) Family: Actinidiaceae Synonyms: Actinidia chinensis Other names: Chinese gooseberry ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form Custom Search Kiwi is among the very few recent introductions which have surpassed in popularity due to its tremendous commercial potential in the sub Himalayan region of India. A native to central China, it is being grown commercially in New Zealand, Italy, USA, Japan, Australia, France, Chile and Spain. In India, kiwi was first planted in the Lal Bagh Gardens at Bangalore as an ornamental tree. With extensive research and development support its commercial cultivation has been extended to the midhills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and…show more content…
Various types of stem cuttings—hard wood, semi hardwood and soft wood—are quite successful, though the technique and success in rooting varies. The cuttings 0.5- 1.0 cm thick with relatively short internodes and 15- 30 cm long are ideal. Hard wood cuttings are prepared during the dormant season (January-February) from the previous year summer growth. Well matured dormant shoots are used for cutting having at least three healthy bold buds from middle of the shoot. Tips of the shoots should be avoided as they give a very low rate of rooting. The cuttings of the central and basal parts are ideal. Cuttings having more number of spurs should not be selected. The cuttings are treated with IBA (500 ppm) for 10 seconds and set deeply in moist rooting medium. To prevent the cuttings from desiccation and rotting the top portion of the cuttings are waxed. A rooting medium consisting of farmyard manure: sand: leaf compost: soil in the ratio of 1:1:1:1 results in highest rooting in open conditions. The cuttings should be thatched or shaded with shade net. Irrigations are given frequently. Adequate drainage should be provided to keep the nursery bed weed free. As they become about 15. 25 cm high, their terminal growth is pinched off to divert the food and nutrients for root growth and development. Hardwood cuttings can also be raised under intermittent mist in a mist propagation chamber or
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