Essay on Management

3201 Words13 Pages
Subject terms: Project, Situational Leadership Model, leadership behavior
Abstract
Introduction: Projects have become a key strategic working form and it has been shown that all industries can benefit from project-based working. Each project is unique and present different challenges to managers, which requires good project management skills in order to face these challenges.
These skills are referred to as the science and art of project management. The science consists of skills in using different tools and techniques and the artistry refers to skills in practising leadership, which some researchers argue is the most important quality for managers to posses. Since each project is a new situation, project manager s needs to be able to
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This has lead to a widespread use and application of project-based management (Turner, 2003). The management form has gained recognition in a wide range of organisations and is increasingly being perceived as a fundamental skill of managing in these times of constant change. The flexible skills for developing and managing projects have overshadowed the old managerial skills needed for supervising daily and repetitive activities in companies (Dinsmore, 1999). The flexible skills are highly relevant as all projects are unique and thus present different challenges to managers.
Great project management skills are needed in order to face these challenges, skills that are referred to as the science and art of project management. The science consists of skills in using different tools and techniques and the artistry refers to the practise of leadership
(Heerkens, 2001). Forsberg, Mooz and Cotterman (2000) argue that having leadership skills is the most important for any project manager. The essence of leadership has however often been regarded in individualistic term where leaders are characterised by their personality, features or values. Leadership is in reality embedded within a much larger process that looks beyond the individual leader and focuses on the interaction with other resources, most notably the members in the company and their
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