Essay on the Constitution of India

2623 Words Nov 22nd, 2011 11 Pages
The constitution defines our national goals of democracy, socialism and secularism, guarantees equality, liberty, justice, etc., to the citizens. It confers on us our fundamental rights and duties and also contains the directive principles for the government. It tells us about the intensions of our great leaders who drafted and gave us our Constitution.
The farming of our constitution
Indians had been demanding complete independence since 1929. Eventually, in 1945, Mr. Clement Atlee, who was sympathetic towards the Indians, became the Prime Minister of England. He sent the Cabinet Mission to India to solve the political problem (whether to divide the country or to leave it united) and to devise means of granting her independence. It
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It abolishes untouchability. It states that all citizens can use public employment.
All titles such as ‘Sir’, Rai Bahadur, Khan Bahadur, have been abolished by the Constitution to remove class distinctions and maintain equality. Article 18 prohibits the state from conferring such titles. It can only confer military or academic awards. No citizen of India is permitted to accept any title even from any foreign state, especially if he is employed in a government job, without the permission and consent of the President of India.
Right to Freedom:
In a democratic country like ours, safeguarding the freedom of an individual is very essential. Six freedoms have been granted to the citizens both individually and collectively. They are:
a. Freedom of speech and expression;
b. Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms;
c. Freedom to form associations or unions;
d. Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India;
e. Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the country; and
f. Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
But there are certain restrictions or limitations on these freedoms. For instance, the right to freedom of speech does not mean that we can say anything to anyone. Our freedom to speech does not entitle us to make statements that are not in the interest of the security of the nation or sours ours relations with other countries.
Similarly, the right to freedom of movement is also subject