Essence of Leadership

6795 Words Jul 7th, 2012 28 Pages
Student ID number: 11019066

Module name: Essence of Leadership

Assignment Title: Final Essay

Assignment deadline: May 08 2012

Effective word count: 5848

I confirm that I have read the University regulations on plagiarism, and that this assignment is my own work.

“I declare that I am the sole author of this assignment and the work is a result of my own investigations, except where otherwise stated. All references have been duly cited”

ii

Table of Contents
List of Tables List of Figures iv v

Abstract............................................................................................................................. 6 Literature Review
…show more content…
The final section is a summary of learning acquired from the assignment that is useful to the author’s own

practice and development as an effective leader.

6

Literature Review
Introduction to Literature Review
The essay classifies leadership into four key approaches: (1) trait approach, (2) behaviour approach, (3) the

situational or contingency approach and, (4) the leaderfollower approach.

‘Leadership

is

the

most

studied

and

least

understood

topic of any in the social sciences’ Bennis and Nanus (1997)

An Introduction to Leadership
What is Leadership? The term ‘Leadership’ is used in two main ways that

encapsulate the beliefs and understanding of many.

First it is regarded as a way of helping a group of people to work together. Secondly it is used to describe the ‘people at the top’ or in charge of a company, organization or team. Kotter 1990.

A

significant

aspect

of

leadership

is

the

ability

of

followers to freely choose whether to follow the leader or not. Unless followers have some choice to follow or not follow, leaders cannot lead.

7

Pardey 2007 agrees with this and equates leaders without followers to that of a bicycle without wheels.

Defining Leadership Leadership has been defined by traits, behaviours,

influence, interaction patterns, role relationships, and occupation of an administrative position.

Kotter