Essentials Of Health Policy And Law

2548 WordsMar 7, 201511 Pages
Essentials of Health Policy and Law - Health Policy Analysis Casey Ellington, Jancy John, Edwin Martinez, Manju Thankachan Union University Essentials of Health Policy and Law - Health Policy Analysis Problem Statement What action should President Obama take to attenuate the problem of drug abuse among expecting mothers during pregnancy? Background In the United States, there has been a growing concern for the number of newborn children that have been exposed to drugs while in utero. The defenseless fetus is subject to any and all substances that the mother ingests, injects, or inhales into her body. Significantly decreased gestational ages as well as low birth weight have been linked to infants that have been born to mothers who are engaging in substance abuse. Marijuana, cocaine, cigarettes, methamphetamine, heroin, and alcohol are some of the more widely abused substances among pregnant mothers (Bailey, McCook, Hodge, & McGrady, 2012). Children born to drug dependent mothers are susceptible to preterm delivery, decreased intrauterine growth, impaired neurological developments, as well as congenital abnormalities. Unfortunately, once the umbilical cord is cut, the withdrawal for the infants is initiated. The symptoms of withdrawal will be evident in 55% to 94% of infants within 2 to 7 days after delivery (Eichel & Johannemann, 2014). Some states have begun the argument that makes mothers that are positive for illegal, illicit, or prescription drugs

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