Establishment of Mission San Juan Bautista

1398 WordsJan 27, 20186 Pages
Table of Contents Missions………………………………………………………….. Establishment of Mission San Juan Bautista……………………..……………………………………. Location………………………………………………………….. Building Plan……………………………………………………………... Tribes at the Mission…………………………………………………………… Conflict on the Missions………………………………………………………….. Why the Native Indians lived on the Mission…………………………………………………………… Life at the Missions………………………………………………………… Influence of Mission on people……………………………… Missions In the 18th century, what is now California was populated mostly by Native Americans. Late in the century, Franciscan missions sponsored by Spain and the Roman Catholic church played an important role in establishing European settlement in the region. The Spaniards, who had already colonized parts of Mexico to the south, wanted to protect those colonies and extend their influence northward. The Roman Catholic church wanted to convert Native Americans to Christianity. The mission system supported both goals. The first Franciscan mission in California (Mission San Diego de Alcalá) was established by Father Junípero Serra in what in now San Diego. Fifty-four years later in 1823, the Franciscans founded their last of 21 missions at San Francisco Solano. Each mission had an armed presidio to protect it. Each sought to teach the Native Americans both Christianity and European farming methods. Many of the mission churches remain today as living examples of

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