He wanted to create a force large enough to attack and conquer the Chinese. In the year 1206, Temuchin achieved the leadership position he had fought for, the people gave him the name Genghis Khan which means “great leader”. Khan was an amazing military strategist, he used an assortment of tricks, psychological warfare, and extraordinary organization to bring his enemies to their knees. A quote from the “History of the Mongols” says that, “They send a detachment of captives and men of other nationalities who are fighting with them to meet the enemy head - on, and some of the Tartars (Mongols) may perhaps accompany them.
He was also threatened by Temujin’s growing power. In order to secure succession, Temujin asked his son Kochi to marry the khan’s daughter. Wanting to lure them into camp, Ong accepted the proposal trying to kill them. Temujn and his family fled. He counterattacked once he learned of the plot. Temujin found a way to convince the people that Ong Khan and his family were dead through rumor even though he didn’t actually kill them. In 1204, Temujin had his last battle for the control of Mongolia. He used tactics that were a mix between old and new fighting styles.
In 1206, the title as Genghis Khan was rewarded to Temujin. “The greatness of the khan as a military leader was borne out not only by his conquests, but by the excellent organization, discipline, and maneuverability of his armies,” (Document 3). The Mongol Empire’s dominance rose because of strong leadership. “Genghis Khan set out to build an empire, he organized the Mongols into a powerful military machine, enforced
Born Temujin in 1162, at age nine Genghis Khan’s father, died from poisoning, it was then his father’s enemies became his. When Khan grew older he formed his Mongol tribes alongside his sworn blood brother Jamukha. However, Jamukha later betrayed Genghis Khan and as a result, Genghis broke his back. Defeating his brother, he claimed the title of official leader of all the Mongol tribe. In document 4 “Who
The Mongols were first ruled by the great leader Genghis Khan.They had conquered and had control over the most land area ever in the history of the world.The Mongolians had 3 waves in their empire, the first was taking North China and somewhat Persia, while making arrangements with trading with Persia, a Shah had murdered a Mongol Caravan of 150 traders(Introduction) and what followed to be was a massacre of the Shah’s people. The second wave was Russia and Eastern Europe, by this time Genghis has died and his son Ogedei had taken over. Finally the third wave was The Middle East, right before they were at the walls of Jerusalem Mongke Khan had died and they pulled back.
In 1167 a boy named Temuchin was born, and little did he know that one day, he would become the greatly feared and inspiring leader of the Mongolians, known as Genghis Khan. There is much controversy about whether or not these nomadic people, who have very bloody hands, are either barbaric or if they just knew how to get what they wanted.
Han collapsed because of many reasons but mainly I’ll focus on the plaques and the death of Genghis Khan. When plaques led it’s way to China a lot of people died and it was a disaster. The second reason to the fall of Mongol empire was when Genghis Khan died the empire split into many parts and went their own path. Genghis Khan: He was the founder of Mongol empire which became the largest empire.
During the 13th and 14th century, a nomadic group known as the Mongols succeeded in vanquishing land from Vietnam to Syria and Korea to Poland. The rise of Genghis Khan brought on the conquest of Northern China and Ancient Persia. His son, Ogedei, superseded Genghis after his death. Ogedei was able to gain power of Russia and Eastern Europe after ten years of fighting. After the death of Ogedei in 1242, Genghis’ grandson, Mongke reigned. The large military conquered the Middle East, expanding the Mongol empire yet again. It comes as a surprise that the Mongol’s maintained such a large empire for around 162 years. The Mongol’s were able to gain and perpetuate power owing to their reputation of terrorization, commerce and ruthless military strategy.
Chinggis Khan, also known as Temüjin, was the Mongol consolidator. He came from a family of low social class. He made peace with a powerful Mongol ruler, was a good diplomat, and was loyal when necessary, making his position strong. Temüjin ended up uniting the Mongol clans, and gets renamed, Chinggis Khan. His rules helped solidify the Mongols - tribes were broken apart and men were put into new army sections. Positions were not based off of tribes, but instead on talent and loyalty. Chinggis Khan founded a capital in Karakorum, where a lavish palace was built. His policies helped solidify the Mongols by making them stronger and less problematic. Chinggis Khan also conquered the Turkish people in Tibet, Persia, North China, and central Asia. Chinggis Khan was not an administrator, so he did not create a centralized government to administer the conquered lands.
The Pax Mongolica, also known as the Mongol Peace and Pax Tatarica, was brought up at the end of the time of Mongols’ conquests. Western Scholars designated the fourteenth century as the Pax Mongolica. The Pax Mongolica contributed to the development of a new global culture because the Mongol Khans pursued peaceful trade and diplomacy (220). The bubonic plague epidemic of the 1300s led to the destruction of the Mongol Empire because of the deaths it caused; also, the plague had demoralized the living and deprived the Mongol Golden Family of its primary source of support by cutting off trade and tribute (247).
Genghis Khan, or Temujin, as he was referred to in his early life, was born around 1167 into the pastoral nomadic lifestyle of the Mongols. Mongolian life was centered on several fragmented tribes that continuously fought each other, led by individual khans. “Temujin enjoyed years of successful conquest in these tribal wars” (Adler and Pouwels, 239-41). At the age of sixteen, Temujin married Borte, a woman from another tribe. “Temujin married Borte, cementing the alliance between the Konkirat tribe and his own.” ("Biography.com"). Temujin was greatly feared among the Mongols, as he was known for his ruthlessness, cunning, and his ferocity. “…by 1196 he had become powerful enough to assert personal control over all of the
Temujin was born in 1162 (History). He united the Mongol tribes and took the title of Genghis Khan, which translates to “Universal Ruler” (Allempires) in 1206, after he had proven himself as the most competent war leader. Genghis Khan began to expand the Mongol Empire in 1207 when he attacked the kingdom of Xu Xia. He
Temüjin, better known as Chinggis Khan, was a Mongolian born in 1160’s, who later became the leader of the one of the most successful armies in the history of a mankind. Mongols under his leadership Mongols first conquered China relatively easily and then moved towards west, partly simultaneously. This essay examines the reasons for his success in conquering Iran and especially the reasons why the Muslims of Iran were not able to resist his army’s invasion. First this essay discusses Chinggis Khan’s army’s strength and superiority in general level, then shifting focus to the particular case of Iran. It becomes evident that Chinggis Khan was an extraordinary military leader and that besides that the army was extremely successful due to its
In 1200 a Mongol leader by the name of Temujin rose to power. Under his rule the Mongol Empire flourished and conquered many enemies and occupied a large amount of land. Throughout his reign the Mongols continued to be a major power house.
The Mongolians had such a strong and powerful empire that made a great impact throughout history. Through the novel Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, which was written by Jack Weatherford we learn many aspects that assisted the Mongol empire into building the largest contiguous empire to ever exist. The Mongolian empire began at around 1200 A.D. and throughout the empires very long and fairly large existence, there were very influential aspects that were created. The most powerful aspect was that the Mongolian empire had a very strong and very powerful line of rulers all coming from the family line of Genghis Kahn, also referred to as the Great Kahn. Under the rule of Genghis, the Mongol society would be changed entirely. Their military is another aspect that assisted the Mongols to became dominant due to their discipline. And they also had very strong tribal unity having faith and loyalty in each other and working hard together to accomplish their set tasks. These aspects would assist the Mongols in building the world’s largest contiguous empire in human history.