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Ethel Smyth's Suffort

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Ethel Smyth, composer and outspoken Suffragette, was born in 1858. Her middle-class English family opposed her ambition to study music in Germany, thinking her goal of becoming a professional musician unladylike. Her father eventually allowed her to study composition in Leipzig, but only after she waged a campaign of protest that included a hunger strike and self-imposed isolation. Her seventy-two compositions include six operas, and works for orchestra, chorus, and chamber ensembles. Later in life, she was afflicted by deafness, a malady that afflicted both Beethoven and Smetana. She died in 1944.
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