Ethic Theory and Practice

1660 Words Nov 7th, 2008 7 Pages
In the first five chapters of Ethics Theory And Practice there are four main types of theories Ethical Egoism, Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, and Virtue Ethics. I will be presenting and reacting to each of these different Ethics, and presenting my own approach to Ethics.

In the second chapter of our book Ethics Theory And Practice It discuses ethical egoism and utilitarianism. Ethical Egoism is a theory that states that everyone should act in their own self interest. Ethical Egoism can take three forms: Individual ethical egoism, which states that everyone ought to act in my own self interest. Which obviously can’t work because not everyone is thinking about just one person. The next possible form it can take is personal ethical
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The book states that there are several criticisms of act utilitarianism. One of them has been cited as providing support for ethical egoism, and that is that it is very difficult to ascertain what will turn out to be good consequences for others. The book states that rule utilitarianism principles is not that “everyone should always act to bring about the greatest good for all concerned,” but rather that “everyone should always establish and follow the rule or those rules that will bring about the greatest good for all concerned.” Rule utilitarianism try, for experience and careful reasoning, to set up a series of rules that, when followed, will yield the greatest good for all humanity. In my opinion this is not a good theory because no one has the right to say what is good for others. One can only truthfully saying what is good for him/herself and what he/she may think is good for others.

Kant’s Duty Ethics or Kantian ethics contains several ethical principles. The three main principles that make the most sense about Kantian Ethics in my opinion are The good will, Establishing Morality by Reasoning Alone, and the Categorical Imperative. The book states that Kant believed that nothing was good in itself except a good will, and he defined will as the uniquely human ability to act in accordance with moral rules, laws or principles regardless of interests or consequences. In my opinion Sometimes when you