Ethical Considerations

1331 Words6 Pages
After careful consideration of the lawsuits presented in Chapter 20 of the text, this writer chose two lawsuits that violate standards in which important future cases were based upon due to the outcomes of these cases. The first case is that within an employment setting in which testing was used to determine employee performance, yet was considered to not be valid or reliable. Griggs vs. Duke Power Company, 1971 brought to question if the testing that was being used to hold back African Americans from higher paying positions was valid (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2009). The same test however, when given to the Caucasian employees, did not provide fruitful results as they too failed the test. Standards require that businesses must demonstrate…show more content…
In these cases, testing that was within the employee’s realm of employment knowledge, but still provided an appropriate evaluation of knowledge and abilities should have been considered. When acknowledging the rights and responsibilities of test takers, standards 8.1 and 8.2 address the test takers right to have as much information as possible about the test, its purpose, process and policies prior to testing. Given that the test was outside of the employee’s realm of work related experience, it is unlikely that in the Griggs case the employees were given the material and information needed to prepare for the test. This is an important detail to consider in regards to test takers’ rights. Although not required for this assignment, this writer would question if testing in regards to the standards of individuals with disabilities was considered given the population and subgroups of those tested. The text states that many were high school dropouts and unskilled and it is possible that given the lack of knowledge regarding disabilities and modifications, that testing could have been handled differently. Additionally, standard 11.22 states that the test validity should be considered when it is given in the same language to all test takers in diverse populations. With both the Griggs and the Antonio case, the population was
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