Ethical Issues In Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing

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Ethical issues in non-invasive prenatal testing Keywords Non-invasive prenatal testing, NIPT, prenatal diagnosis, prenatal screening Identification of theme objectives addressed 6. Understand the ethical principles and apply them in the clinical setting. This includes understanding the main elements in the following: a) Consent b) Privacy and confidentiality c) Partnerships with patients and carers d) How risk information is communicated to patients and carers Introduction When considering non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), it is important to discuss ethical considerations. There are numerous features of genetic testing that may result in experiencing ethical issues such as the restrictions as to what NIPT is able to provide in specific situations when screening for foetal abnormalities, and what to do with that information resulting from the test. NIPT tests are safe and can be performed in the early stages of pregnancy. Due to the numerous features involved between ethics and the genetic testing, it may become evident that gaining informed consent and the decision-making process may become significantly more troublesome. Currently, NIPT is only available privately and not on the public health system which provides further ethical dilemmas regarding right to access healthcare. Other potential ethical problems surround selective abortion for minor abnormalities and the potential to test for adult onset disease and non-medical problems. Background Non-invasive prenatal
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