Ethical Reasoning Essay : The Allegory Of The Cave

Decent Essays

Katelyn Pfyl
MarQus Wright
Lib 100-06
3 December 2017
Ethical Reasoning Essay
The “Allegory of a Cave,” is a theory by Plato regarding human conception. Plato’s major ideas are that knowledge gained through the senses is no more than an opinion. He also says that in order to have correct knowledge we must gain it through philosophical reasoning. In the “Allegory of the Cave,” Plato talks about the difference between people who mistake sensory knowledge for the truth and people who really do see the truth. The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is a letter that was written on April 16, 1963 by Martin Luther King Jr. defending nonviolent resistance to racism. The letter was a response to critical remarks made by the clergymen. The clergymen …show more content…

The last part to Plato’s theory is the return. The return represents the other prisoners reaction to the escapee returning. It shows that people are scared of knowing the philosophical truths. Like other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics.
Throughout our country’s history one of the most difficult struggles has been between the different races. Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity. In today’s society the use of the term "racism" does not easily fall under a single definition. The problem goes all the way back to when white America was much like Plato’s prisoners living in an underground cave. The whites were being taught that there was something very special about them and that they were the center that the earth revolved around. Their white skin made them superior to all other people. Just like in Plato’s story, no one could have gone down into the cave and convinced the caged people that what they were seeing was only mere shadows, until they could actually experience the reality for themselves. No one could even suggest to the whites that what they were taught was not the truth.
King’s ethical philosophy is at the heart of his recognition to the rights, dignity, destiny and potential of Black people. King saw that unless we believe in ourselves, we could not believe in or

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