Ethical Research : Protection Of Human Subjects Essay

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Ethical Issues in Research: Protection of Human Subjects
Ethical guidelines and considerations in research experiments involving human subjects are a fairly new construct. Prior to the twentieth century, elaborate set of rules and regulations regarding the use of human subjects in experiments merely did not exist. However, one of the most critical elements of research are ethical considerations, and the goal of a research experiment is to discover new information to broaden the knowledge of the human society. Therefore, distorting, falsifying, or misinforming research participants for the purpose of manipulating different reactions is highly unethical, and the values that research ethics rely on including integrity, accuracy, and objectivity are always violated. The Milgram Experiment on Obedience and the Stanford Prison Experiment are examples of two of the most intriguing and widely discussed social psychology experiments that have violated the basic principles of research ethics involving human subjects.
The Milgram experiment and the Stanford Prison experiment still continues to receive a large amount of criticism and is widely considered ethically controversial. Stanley Milgram, a psychologist at Yale University, conducted his obedience experiment in 1961, to research the effect of authority on obedience. Milgram (1963) defines obedience as “… a psychological mechanism that links individual action to political purpose” (p. 371), and the goal of his experiment was to
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