Ethical Teachings in Christianity and Islam Essay

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There are several ethical teachings in Christianity and Islam that instruct Christians and Muslims on how they should act in everyday life. These ethical teachings often require the members of each religion to give generously to the welfare of those in need. This essay will prove that both Islam and Christianity have ethical teachings that instruct people to give to the needy. This will be proved by first defining what an ethical guideline or teaching is, by looking at the Islamic ethical guidelines that instruct Muslims to help those in need and finally through analysing the Christian ethical guidelines that teach Christians to contribute to the welfare of those in need.

Ethics is the explicit, philosophical reflection on moral beliefs
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Several Islamic guidelines instruct Muslims to give their wealth to those who don’t have wealth themselves. The most evident teaching is the third Pillar of Islam or Zakat. Zakat teaches that well off Muslims must pay a welfare contribution for the needy. It is paid once a year based on a person’s cash savings, gold, silver and jewellery. Zakat often takes the form of a tax collected by a government but in the eyes of the contributor it is not simply a tax to pay but holds spiritual significance in that through paying Zakat Muslims try to gain Allah’s favour. Zakat is clearly an ethical guideline that teaches Muslims to help the poor and needy.

Another teaching is contained in the guidelines set out for Muslims to follow. The two relevant guidelines are “You should support the community of Muslims” and “Justice, compassion and generosity are frequently given as qualities of a truly human life.” These two ethical guidelines require Muslims to support the poor and needy as if Muslims support the community through financial support than they are upholding the first guideline and if Muslims are generous and give money, besides Zakat to the poor and needy than they are upholding the second guideline. These guidelines tie in with what the prophet Mohammed made very clear through several sermons and a number of passages in the Qur’an “that there is a due above and over Zakat and that the
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