Ethical Theories Of Ethical Egoism

993 WordsJul 25, 20154 Pages
Ethical egoism is a consequentialist normative ethical theory. There are two forms of ethical egoism. The first is individual ethical egoism which states that I should act in ways that are in my own best interest. The second form is universal ethical egoism which states that everyone one should act in their own best interest. In both forms, individuals should only consider others interest to the extent that it benefits their own well-being. The determination of morality is based off whether or not the consequences of an action or decision are considered in the best interest of the doer. The universal form has an internal inconsistency because it is not necessarily in our best interest to will others to exclusively consider their best interests. The theory of ethical egoism is wide open for interpretation. What is in one 's best interest is decided by each individual for themselves. The theory does not define how or when the individual’s interests must be served. Utilitarianism is a consequentialist normative ethical theory. It states that the action that produces the most utility can be considered most ethical. Utility is defined in different ways within utilitarianism, but in general, utility means to produce happiness. So, the moral choice will be the choice whose consequences maximize the happiness of the most people. Act utilitarianism determines morality of each act on an individual bases. Rule utilitarianism requires the act to be universalized and considered a
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