Ethics Module 2

1166 Words5 Pages
1. Shaw and Barry distinguish two different forms of utilitarianism. What are these two forms? Briefly describe each and use examples. The two forms of utilitarianism that Shaw and Barry refer to are act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. The act utilitarianism states that we must ask ourselves what the consequences of a particular act in a particular situation will be for all those affected. If its consequences bring more net good than those of any alternative course of action, then this action is the right one and the one we should perform. Shaw and Barry talked about the theory of a woman on her death bed. She had $25,000 in cash under her bed and her dying wish was to give that to her nephew. Her nephew was a known…show more content…
That people should not be discriminated against regardless of their race, religion, gender or disabilities. 5. What is the MAXIMIN rule for making decisions? The maximin rule for making decisions, you should select the alternative under which the worst that could happen to you is better than the worst that could happen to you under any other alternative—that is, you should try to maximize the minimum that you will receive. My opinion on this is that if you are faced with making a decision, you should make the best decision that has the least amount of consequences. This is said to be one of the most widely used rules for making decisions. 6. What is the role of the "veil of ignorance" in Rawls' theory of distributive justice? The veil of ignorance is when the laws/rules are governed, that there is no knowledge of who or the what the situation is that the rules will be administered to. Once the rules are made, the veil will be lifted and they will know who the rules will regulate. Having this is supposed to make the decisions fair and that there be no favoritism when the rules are made. 7. According to Shaw and Barry, deciding what sort of economic arrangements would best promote human happiness requires the utilitarian to consider many things. What are the five considerations mentioned by Shaw and Barry? Shaw and Barry believe that you must consider many things to be able to decide what economic arrangements would best promote human happiness. They
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