Ethics Of Genetically Modified Organisms

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Introduction Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) entails a process whereby plants, animals, and microorganisms can be altered at the genetic or DNA levels in a way that does not occur naturally through mating or natural recombination. Human involvement in the natural selection process has been around since the dawn of humanity; originally in the form of specific animal breeding to gain better species with more adaptations for their specific uses. The arguments that surrounds the topic of Genetically Modified Organisms today include their safety, risks they pose to the environment, benefits gained, effects on natural evolvement, labeling of genetically modified organisms in our food and what legislation can be created to mandate such…show more content…
This principle demonstration of the medical benefits that genetic modification could pioneer became the basis for a new biotech science that now involves both prokaryotes such as bacteria, and eukaryotes including yeast, plants, insects and mammals. Agriculture- Genetically modified agricultural crops were developed to improve both crop yields and resistance to plant pests such as insects, rodents, and to herbicides, serving to reduce the difficulties of crop management and increase yields. According to Med Crave the first commercially grown, genetically engineered crop was CGN-8964-2. This was a tomato seed that was developed in 1994 to express the trait of delayed softening of the tomato flesh as a practical means to minimize post-harvest crop losses [1]. “Flavr Savr” was the brand name given to the revolutionary tomato seed also known as CGN-8964-2. This specific tomato would fail in the marketplace due to, ironically, the common public perception that Flavr Savr tomatoes were lacking in taste, and not due to consumer apprehension about eating a genetically altered food. As of 2016, according to Med Crave, 88 percent of the U.S. corn crop, and 93% of soybeans crops have been genetically mutated and much of these crops find their way into unlabeled processed foods. The evolution of
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