Ethics : Virtue Ethics And Ethics

1351 Words Jan 28th, 2016 6 Pages
Philosophy Final Exam
Dawlat Chebly

I. Provide answers for five (5) of the following (6 points each, total of 30 points):

1. what is virtue ethics and what does it do that the two major ethical approaches do not?
Virtue ethics is one of the three major approaches in ethics. This approach of ethics emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to other approaches which emphasizes duties or rules. Virtue ethics has three central concepts; virtue, practical wisdom, and eudemonia, however, these are often misunderstood. The three approaches of ethics are virtue ethics, consequentialist ethics, and deontology ethics. Each approach provides a different way to understanding ethics.
Virtue ethics sets itself apart from the other two; according to Consequentialists virtue ethics tends to promote good consequences. Virtue ethics does not benefit when it is with itself, but when it is with good standards and choices. It takes account more than just the knowledge of a human; Motivation, emotions, wisdom, moral education, and much more. It scales reason and emotions at the same level whereas consequentialism and deontology prefer reason over emotions. Virtue ethics is described as a more open topic that can be explained in multiple ways compared to consequentialism and deontology which tend to be monistic about value.
2. What are the ethical implications of Sartre’s theory that “existence precedes essence”?
Sartre was a French philosopher, who was one of the key…

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