Ethics Vs. Kantian Ethics

1249 Words Dec 18th, 2015 5 Pages
Throughout history different philosophical ideas and concepts developed in search for answers to universal questions. Beyond answers, philosophers explored schools of thought that would best govern human decision making. Two prominent ethical theories that arose were utilitarianism and deontological ethics. Both ethical theories developed to establish and justify a set of different moral rules and principles. Utilitarianism, otherwise known as consequentialism, is an ethical theory that sees the best moral decision is one that maximizes utility, which implies that no moral decision is intrinsically right or wrong. Deontological ethics or Kantian ethics is a normative ethical theory that judges the morality of a decision is based on a decision’s commitment to a set of rules. First, I will evaluate each ethical theory. Second, I will provide real world examples of ethical dilemmas and show how each dilemma would be resolved with the application of each ethical theory. Third, I will provide points in favor of deontological ethics versus utilitarianism. As a supporter of deontological ethics, I have a defined moral code that I abide by, which guides my thinking and decision making in the real world. Globally, the most common adherents to deontological ethics manifest in the form of religious followers. Although followers of different religions rely on varying sets of moral codes defined in their scripture, most major religions share common truths that promote goodwill, unity,…

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