Ethics and Morality in Philosophy Essay

908 Words4 Pages
Morality has always been an unacknowledged and crucial role in defining ethics. Principles tend to be a virtue that applies only within society and can be distinguished from law, religion, or ethics. Morality in its defining sense can be different from each other, depending on the foundations of the society that claim their morality. Different societies have a different sense of what their moral priority would be like. Their morality can be based on purity and honesty when others concerned with practices. Many philosophers encourage morality, because generally it prevents and avoids harm to any society that is formed into certain groups. The most interesting notion of the morality comes out in a question whether it is informed through…show more content…
We have certain moral obligations, because of the nature of our human being – experience of pain or pleasure, our family bounds and or approvals or disapprovals of these. In his Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, Hume says that “the end of all moral speculations is to teach us our duty; and, by proper representations of the deformity of vice and beauty of virtue, beget correspondent habits, and engage us to avoid the one, and embrace the other” (Hume, pg.172). Philosopher is not trying to draw rational and scientific actions of human being, as Descartes, but rather to explain some observational facts of human nature. He reduces these facts to small and very general principles. By doing so he founds a reason for which man actually approves or disapproves morally certain kinds of behavior. The whole Hume’s philosophy is based on examination of human nature. As well as his theory of knowledge that comes from the sense experience and examination. Hume believes that knowledge even within a physical or mathematical contest comes through experience and observation. However, moral judgments depend on passions and sentiments that define approval and disapproval. Hume has a fairly positive and natural perception on moral judgments in Hume’s theory – moral sentiments. Approvals and disapprovals are necessarily connected with each other by feelings and emotions. If morality comes from sentiment,
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