Ethics of Abortion

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Ethics of Abortion
Destiny Vazquez
SOC 120
Instructor Slack
Monday, April 16, 2012

Abortion, one of the most ethical issues debated today. It has been a widely controversial debate for many years dated back to even before it was made legal in the United States. Like most ethical issues, there are two sides as to what is the right thing to do. Some people think that abortion is completely and utterly wrong. Some people think that abortion is right when and only when the mother’s life is at risk. And others think that there is a range of different circumstances that make abortion morally acceptable. In this paper I will present the issue of abortion, explain the three classical theories of utilitarianism, deontology and virtue ethics
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If the test come out positive, and the fetus indeed has trisomy 13, what does she do? She and her family will experience the same tragedy all over again. What is the greater good for the people affected? Does she abort so the fetus never feels the pain of her first child? The utilitarian will say that abortion would be in the greater good because the fetus will not suffer being hooked to wires and tubes for the remainder of its short life, that and the family will also is in a better place knowing that they won’t suffer the same situation twice. Another example to support the utilitarian would be the linkage between child abuse or neglect and abortion. “Unwanted" children may be more subject to child abuse and neglect by their parents or caretakers than are desired children, in part because such children may be born and raised in less favorable circumstances that foster maltreatment. In addition, parents may be more likely to maltreat unwanted children; sociological and medical studies suggest a link between unplanned births and subsequent child abuse. ( Zavodny, 2002). Also in this case, the greater good for the people affected would be to abort the “unwanted” child.
The next ethical theory on our list is deontology. Rather than focusing on consequences, deontological methods emphasize duty as the basis of moral value. In this way, deontological theories emphasize a principle of right action, or the right, over the good (Mosser, 2010), the right,

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